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common name for any of the minute, primitive six-legged arthropods of the order Collembola. The springtail is named for a springlike mechanism on the underside of the abdomen. When at rest, the organ is folded forward and held in place under tension by a clasping structure; when the mechanism is released, the insect is able to jump a distance many times its own length. Of cosmopolitan distribution, springtails may be found in moist, dark places, on the surface of freshwater or tidal pools, and even on snow. They feed on decaying vegetation, algae, pollen, and other materials. Springtails are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Entognatha, order Collembola.
References in periodicals archive ?
Springtails and mites were collected with a soil corer (0 5 cm) from the upper soil layer (0-10 cm), six samples from each sampling point.
Another possibility is that springtails visit Jack-in-the-pulpits but play no role in pollination.
I was interested in the fact that this was the first time a creature had been found on an adult mayfly but I didn't truly appreciate the significance of my find until I used the CT scanner and was able to identify the animal as a springtail," Dr Penney added.
In addition, seven species (one pseudoscorption, one springtail, one bivalve, one ephemeropteran, and three caddisflies) are removed from the state list and a synthesis of new distributional records is added for two endemic gastropods, one endemic coleopteran, and one endemic amphibian.
Rather, they are examples of a unique group of arthropods (creatures with segmented bodies) known as springtails.
Springtails are considered important indicators of the biological condition and quality of the soil, as they are sensitive to environmental changes and anthropic interventions (SANTORUFO et al.
Surviving the cold: molecular analyses of insect cryoprotective dehydration in the Arctic springtail Megaphorura arctica (Tullberg).
Miniature ants use trap jaws to hunt equally tiny springtails, which use their own springs to fling themselves airborne and escape attack.
Also associated with the bat guano were the cave ant beetle Batriasymmodes quisnamus, the pseudoscorpion Hesperochernes mirabilis, the spiders Phanetta subterranea and Liocranoides coylei, the dung fly Spelobia tenebrarum, the dipluran Litocampa cookei, and the springtail Pseudosinella hirsuta.
BOURLETIELLA VIRIDESCENS This type of springtail isn't normally found in the UK, but was spotted here for the very first time last year.
1997) observed that compared with a cotton monoculture, ant and springtail numbers were highest when a cotton--wheat rotation was sown on permanent beds.
He pointed out the humble springtail, a tiny insect which is one of the main agents responsible for the creation of soil, loves damp weather.