Stable Fly

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Related to stable flies: House fly, Deer flies
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stable Fly

 

(Stomoxys calcitrans), a fly of the family Muscidae, order Diptera. Widely distributed, it is found in abundance in direct proximity to domestic animals, both in stables and in pasture. It develops in manure, especially horse manure. Several generations are produced during the course of the summer.

Massive infestations of stable flies cause the cows’ milk yield and the milk fat content to decrease. Stable flies transmit organisms that cause many infections, including anthrax, tularemia, and cattle anaplasmosis. Stable-fly larvae are destroyed by treating their place of reproduction with water emulsions of trichlormetaphosphate, trolene, methylnitro-phosphate, and other substances. Adult insects are controlled by spraying the premises with aerosols containing chlorophosphate and other insecticides; poisoned bait and flypaper are also used.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These chemicals could be used in baiting traps to attract pregnant stable flies, hence reducing populations from one generation to another," Bernard Baleba, a PhD student at the University of South Africa, who was part of the research, said.
Biological control of house flies Musca domestica and stable flies Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae) by means of inundative releases of Spalangia cameroni (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).
Ose and Hogsette evaluated the effectiveness of blue-black cloth targets covered with clear sticky wraps to capture stable flies. Scientists think that the blue-black color contrast may mimic natural forest edges where stable flies alight to rest and digest their food.
In small areas manure provides an ideal breeding site for large numbers of both stable flies and houseflies.
* Stable flies are similar in size and appearance to houseflies.
Although DEET is effective against chiggers, blackflies, biting midges (punkies or no-see-ums), stable flies, sand flies, bed bugs, head lice, fleas and leeches, most of DEET's research has centered on its repellent properties against mosquitoes and ticks.
The three at lower leftclaim success with houseflies, blow flies, stable flies.
Stable flies are an important economic pest that affects cattle, pigs, horses, and other large animals.
All biting flies (horse flies, deer flies, stable flies, black flies, mosquitoes, etc.) are attracted to large dark objects.
Bartonella DNA was investigated in 104 horn flies (Haematobia spp.), 60 stable flies (Stomoxys spp.), 11 deer flies (Chrysops spp.), and 11 horse flies (Tabanus spp.) collected on cattle in California.