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see stalactite and stalagmitestalactite and stalagmite
, mineral forms often found in caves; sometimes collectively called dripstone. A stalactite is an icicle-shaped mass of calcite attached to the roof of a limestone cavern.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a sinter-drip, usually limestone formation that is columnar or conical in shape and rises from the floor of caves and other underground karst caverns. Stalagmites occur as the result of precipitation of calcium carbonate when the carbon dioxide is eliminated from the carbonate-saturated water dripping from above. Sometimes salt and other types of stalagmites are formed as a result of evaporation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A conical speleothem formed upward from the floor of a cave by the action of dripping water; usually composed of calcium carbonate.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


a cylindrical mass of calcium carbonate projecting upwards from the floor of a limestone cave: formed by precipitation from continually dripping water
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Judy Scala, a retired English teacher, wrote: "The way to remember the difference between stalactites and stalagmites is in their spellings.
Over the years, the giant stalagmite inside the cave has turned the spot into a sacred shrine for Hindus.
"Counter-intuitively, air and water circulation in caves can cause, and even favour, stalagmite growth in the dry season, leading to unexpected effects in paleoclimate records," said Elli Ronay, a doctoral student at the University's Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences.
Humankind's close evolutionary cousins built large, circular structures out of stalagmites in a French cave around 176,500 years ago, researchers say.
The stalagmite analysis indicates a shift in the relationship between temperature and rainfall after the Industrial Revolution.
Read the definition of stalagmite in the Words to Know section on page 11.
New types of kettles that do not fur up with limescale could be developed following research that studied how stalagmites build up in caves.
The camera then focuses in on the stalactites and stalagmites in the grotto.
co-drummer goddess Lizzi Bougatsos' art pieces: feminist, controlled chaos that is abstract, urgent and, among its decoupage of lady double drumming and stalagmite noise loops, is a total analogue to a cosmic day-glo penis krazy glued onto a yield sign.
Confirming a rabbi's reading of Bible prophecy, scientists reported that an analysis of rings on stalagmite from a cave near Jerusalem reveals the climate of the region got drier shortly after the Roman dispersion of the Jews in CE 70.
According to ANSTO palaeoclimatologist Dr Pauline Treble, south-west Western Australia is an ideal site for stalagmite research as it has a Mediterranean-type climate with distinctly wet winters and dry summers.