stalagmite

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stalagmite:

see stalactite and stalagmitestalactite and stalagmite
, mineral forms often found in caves; sometimes collectively called dripstone. A stalactite is an icicle-shaped mass of calcite attached to the roof of a limestone cavern.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stalagmite

 

a sinter-drip, usually limestone formation that is columnar or conical in shape and rises from the floor of caves and other underground karst caverns. Stalagmites occur as the result of precipitation of calcium carbonate when the carbon dioxide is eliminated from the carbonate-saturated water dripping from above. Sometimes salt and other types of stalagmites are formed as a result of evaporation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

stalagmite

[stə′lag‚mīt]
(geology)
A conical speleothem formed upward from the floor of a cave by the action of dripping water; usually composed of calcium carbonate.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

stalagmite

a cylindrical mass of calcium carbonate projecting upwards from the floor of a limestone cave: formed by precipitation from continually dripping water
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005