It is worth noting that Operation Eldorado Canyon marked the first use of laser-guided bombs aimed with the PAVE TACK day/night target-designation system (from the F-111s) and the combat debut of the EF-111A Raven and its AN/ALQ-99E stand-off jammer
. The Raven would serve as the USAF's escort-jamming aircraft for the next 12 years, until its retirement in 1998.
Turkey's military procurement agency, the Undersecreteriat for Defense Industries (SSM), has declared that a request for proposals (RFP) will be released by June for the purchase of ten stand-off jammer
(SOI) aircraft to meet the requirements of the Turkish Air Force.
The stand-off jammer
on the new variant, dubbed Mi-I7PGE, is intended to disrupt SAMs like the Hawk and Patriot radar-guided missiles, and the weapons systems of Western fighters, The system's receivers are able to detect, locate, and classify all kinds of threats even if the helicopter is receiving only the sidelobes of the threat emitter.
It could be equipped with the ALO-99 stand-off jammer
and also operate the USQ-l 13 low-band transmitter and Link-16.
The other aircraft being considered as a potential Prowler successor -- a variant of the B-52 Stratofortress fitted with a high-powered, stand-off jammer
- offers similar lethal SEAD capabilities, including PGMs and the Conventional Air-Launched Cruise Missile.
Crosby also agreed that there is potential for creating an RQ-4A version of a stand-off jammer
As the CINC-supporting Joint Command and Control Warfare Center (J[C.sup.2]-WC) has endeavored to show in what might be termed "proto-R&D" efforts, a relatively low-powered jammer on a UAV might actually be preferable: it will still have enough power to jam the offending transmitter, since the UAV will typically be right on top of the target, while avoiding the fratricide that a big stand-off jammer
can cause as it splashes RF energy across intervening blue territory.
If a sufficient jamming-to-signal (J/S) ratio can be achieved by a stand-off jammer
, it is effective against monopulse radar - as are properly deployed decoys and chaff if they produce adequate radar cross section.
Finally, the spokesman pointed out that all the EW systems used in the 1982 Lebanon war had been developed post-1973 and included a "poor man's EA-6B" stand-off jammer
Barrage noise generated by a stand-off jammer
(SOJ) can deny detection and acquisition of a quiet target within the radar mainbeam, and can significantly degrade detection if directed at the radar sidelobe region.
Already possessing a very capable aerospace industry, the major contractor ANAER's Division Electronica, based on Santiago, has developed a range of airborne EW equipment which includes the ITATA ELINT system, the Caiquen III RWR, the Eclipse chaff/flare dispenser and the Medusa stand-off jammer
. Taking these in order, the ITATA system covers the 3-MHz to 18-GHz frequency spectrum in six system-specific bands.
But an escort or stand-off jammer
operating "down the throat" of a radar is an occupation which invites a home-on-jammer missile.