standard instrument departure


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standard instrument departure (SID)

standard instrument departure (SID)click for a larger image
Turning departure—turning at a fix.
A designated IFR departure route linking the aerodrome or a specified runway of the aerodrome with a specified significant point, normally on a designated ATS route, at which the en-route phase of flight commences (ICAO). A standard IFR (instrument flight rules) departure route enabling air traffic controllers to issue abbreviated clearances and thus speed the flow of traffic. The procedure is printed for pilot use in graphic and/or text form. SIDs provide a transition from the terminal to the appropriate en route structure. A SID is normally developed to accommodate as many aircraft categories as possible. Departures limited to a specific aircraft category are clearly annotated. The SID terminates at the first fix, facility, or waypoint of the en route phase following the departure procedure. There are two basic types of departure routes: straight and turning. Departure routes are based on track guidance acquired within 12 miles (20 km) from the departure end of the runway (DER) on straight departures and within 6 miles (10 km) after completion of turns on departures requiring turns. The design of instrument departure routes and associated obstacle clearance criteria are based on the definition of tracks to be followed by the airplane. When flying the published track, the pilot is expected to correct for known wind to remain within the protected airspace. ATS stands for air traffic services.
References in periodicals archive ?
The FAA on November 19, 2018, issued new operating guidance to pilots and operators of Part 25-certificated turbine-powered airplanes intended to help determine compliance with climb gradient requirements published in standard instrument departures (SIDs), obstacle departure procedures (ODPs), diverse vector areas (DVAs) and missed approach procedures.
Simultaneous changes to the CICZ will create new Standard Instrument Departures and Standard Arrival Routes serving Jersey and Guernsey airports.
Published obstacle departure procedures (ODPs) and standard instrument departures (SIDs) sometimes include an initial flight path away from your route of flight or feature other complications.
Pilots must not correct altitudes published on Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs), Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODPs) and Standard Terminal Arrivals (STARs) but they must use the corrected Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) or Decision Altitude/ Decision Height (DA) as the minimum for an approach.
Incorporating Radio Frequency (RF), Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs), Standard Terminal Arrival Routes (STARs), holding patterns and instrument approaches, UNS-1Lw FMS and LP/LPV monitor delivers potentiality for point-to-point navigation.
Approach starts prying them apart, assisted in this process by Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs)--the departure equivalent of STARs.
Standard Instrument Departures, while offering obstacle clearance, are really there for the convenience of pilots and controllers operating around busy airports.
A more immediate example is guidance on "climb via" clearances using published standard instrument departures (SIDs).
They rely heavily on Standard Terminal Arrivals (STARs) and Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs) to get their traffic in and out of those "gates."

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