standing army


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

standing army

the establishment of an army as a body of enlisted, professional, regular soldiers under the direct control of the government. Although approached in form only exceptionally in premodern societies (e.g. the Roman legions), fully professionalized standing armies are a usual feature, and an important basis of the maintenance of the power, of modern NATION STATES. For GIDDENS (1985), the establishment and innovations in the control and tactics of standing armies – the ‘Taylorism of this sphere’ – are a greatly neglected aspect of the process of social development that leads to contemporary societies. See also MILITARY-CIVILIAN RATIO.
References in classic literature ?
"Your Standing Army was running," answered the fellow, honestly; "for no man could face the terrible weapons of the invaders."
Then Namgay Doola, never-christened Patsay Doola, son of Timlay Doola-which is Tim Doolan-clasped the king's feet, cuffed the standing army, and hurried in an agony of contrition from temple to temple making offerings for the sin of the cattle- maiming.
There were over five million of them, many of them in the standing army, and, in addition, they were on friendly terms with the labor unions.
They are the standing army, and the militia, jailers, constables, posse comitatus, etc.
After the Revolution, the new nation relied on the citizen-soldier rather than a large standing army. Militia contributed substantially to holding the line early in the Civil War, until the volunteer army could take the field.
With independence General Washington's standing army was disbanded.
The Indian Army, the second largest standing army in the world with more than 1.2 million active troops, is currently undergoing a comprehensive firearms procurement process to advance the capabilities of its infantrymen.
They had become, in effect, a standing army that had to regulate the behavior of Southern citizens, monitor trade, chase guerrillas, and confront unruly women.
14 (Petra)-- Kosovo's parliament voted on Friday to create a 5,000-strong standing army, a week after Serbia's premier suggested the move could provoke military intervention by Belgrade.
Rather than comparing the empire to modern states or associations like the EU, Stollberg-Rilinger shows how it was a political body unlike any other -- it had no standing army, no clear boundaries, no general taxation or bureaucracy.
The Comorian army which is seen as a small standing army with around one thousand troops is usually equipped and trained by the French army.
Marcel Lettre, former undersecretary of defense for intelligence, said China has the second-largest defense budget in the world, the largest standing army of ground forces, the third-largest air force and a navy of 300 ships and more than 60 submarines.

Full browser ?