star anise


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star anise:

see under aniseanise
, annual plant (Pimpinella anisum) of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family), native to the Mediterranean region but long cultivated elsewhere for its aromatic and medicinal qualities.
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Star Anise

 

or true anise (Illicium verum), a plant of the family Illiaceae (formerly classified in the family Mag-noliaceae). The tree reaches a height of 10 m and has leathery evergreen leaves. It grows in Indochina, southern China, and other parts of Southeast Asia. The flowers are bisexual, polypetalous, and single. The fruits are cyclical and mul-tileaved, containing an essential oil with a composition close to that of anise oil and containing up to 90 percent anethole. This oil is used in medicine, in liqueur and vodka distillation, and in the food industry. Another species of anise, Illicium anisatum (I. religiosum)—the so-called shikimi—grows and is often cultivated in Japan, Korea, and China. It has extremely poisonous fruit containing the alkaloid skimmianine which does not differ from the fruit of the true anise. Several other representatives of the genus lllicium (which has 42 species in all) have local importance as a source of essential oils.

REFERENCE

Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of Economic Plants, 2nd ed. New York-London, 1968.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

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References in periodicals archive ?
Be sure to use Chinese Star Anise -- Japanese Anise, Illicium Anisatum, is very poisonous.
Star anise can also be purchased at Asian food stores.
1gm star anise; 1gm cinnamon stick; 5gm white sugar; fresh thyme; 50gm frozen berry mix; 100ml water
Add onions, ginger, cinnamon, star anise and tsao goh
1/2 cup sugar 2 1/2 star anise, plus 1 for garnish if you like 1 tbsp.
For several years Roche Pharmaceuticals has made the drug with shikimic acid from the pod of the star anise tree, a native of Asia.
Chinese pharmaceutical companies believe the key to combating the avian flu may be in the star anise fruit, turning the crop into a hot commodity, but health officials advise against consuming the fruit to ward off the disease, reports The Washington Post, Dried star anise--or bajiao, as it is called in Mandarin Chinese--is a spice found in many Chinese kitchens, imparting a licorice-like taste to stewed meats.
Anise and star anise are still used in parts of Europe, the Middle East and India as breath fresheners and digestive aids.
Tea made with star anise can cause illness ranging from seizures to jitteriness, according to a Food and Drug Administration advisory warning all consumers to avoid drinking teas containing the Asian spice.
Tea made with star anise can cause illness in infants and adults ranging from seizures to jitteriness, according to a Food and Drug Administration advisory warning all consumers to avoid drinking teas containing the Asian spice.
Tea made with star anise can cause illness in infants and adults and all consumers should avoid drinking teas containing the Asian spice, according to a Food and Drug Administration advisory.
In other developments, FDA issued an advisory to consumers to avoid the consumption of teas brewed from star anise. The agency stated that it has become aware of at least 40 reports of individuals, including about 15 infants, who became ill after consuming "brewed teas" that contained star anise.