state socialism


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

state socialism

see STATE SOCIALIST SOCIETIES.

State Socialism

 

a bourgeois-reformist, opportunist concept, according to which socialism is reduced to state intervention in the economy and in social relations. F. En-gels described the concept of state socialism as being without any true socialist content (see K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 35, p. 140); it arose as a result of bourgeois falsification, which called any attempts by the state to restrict free competition “socialism,” and on the other hand it was the fruit of the petit bourgeois illusions of the Utopian socialists, who awaited the “introduction” of socialism by the government and the ruling classes. As an example of such pseudosocialism existing in practice, Engels pointed to the system of state colonial exploitation created on the basis of the communal system by the Dutch government on Java (see Marx and Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 36, pp. 78–79, 96–97).

In the history of social thought, the idea of state socialism has been put forward by L. Blanc of France and K. Rodber-tus and F. Lassalle of Germany. They believed that the creator of socialism was not the proletariat but the bourgeois state. The view that any nationalization of the means of production and any increase in the role of the bourgeois state signifies in itself the negation of capitalism and the “socialist transformation” of the state were later systematized by the apologists of the Prussian bourgeois-Junker state into Kathedersozialismus. While the antisocialist laws were in force in Germany at the end of the 19th century, state socialism was the only form of “socialist” belief permitted, and even encouraged, by the Prussian government. From 1877 to 1882 the weekly State Socialist was published. The state socialism of the Prussian government was “only feudal reaction on the one hand, and a pretext for the extortion of money on the other, and its indirect aim was to transform the greatest possible number of proletarians into officials and pensioners dependent on the state, and to organize in addition to the disciplined army of soldiers and bureaucrats a similar army of workers” (Engels, ibid., vol. 35, p. 140). Marx and Engels revealed the bourgeois-reformist essence of the idea of state socialism and characterized the attempts to combine these ideas with Marxism, which were taking place in the German social democracy, as “one of the infantile diseases of proletarian socialism” (Engels, ibid., vol. 39, p. 184). V. I. Lenin pointed out a new role of the concept of state socialism in the imperialist era, as a weapon of the apologists of monopoly and state monopoly capitalism (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 33, p. 68). The concept of state socialism is used by the theoreticians of so-called democratic socialism for coloring with “socialist” phraseology the state monopoly regulation of present-day capitalist production.

The “leftist” variety of state socialism takes the form of “military-barracks” socialism, at the base of which lies the petit bourgeois illusion that the sole source of the socialist organization of labor is authority and the fulfillment of orders “from above.” The opponents of scientific socialism, especially the anarchists, continue their attempts to portray it as one of the systems of state socialism, presupposing the bureaucratic organization of production on the semimilitary model and directed by the orders of a messiah, who stands at the helm of state power. Such attempts are devoid of any foundation. Lenin emphasized that “socialism is not created by edicts from above. Its spirit is foreign to state-bureaucratic automatism; socialism is alive, creative; it is the creation of the popular masses themselves” (Lenin, ibid., vol. 35, p. 57). The experience of the development of socialist society has shown that socialism presupposes a democratic organization of the state and that it is impossible without broad democracy for the working masses, led by the working class and headed by the Marxist-Leninist party.

REFERENCES

Marx, K. “Kritika Gotskoi programmy.” In K. Marx and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 19.
Engels, F. “Sotsializm g-na Bismarka.” Ibid., Pages 176–84.
Engels, F. Anti-Dühring. Ibid., vol. 20. Pages 288–95.
Engels, F. “[Pis’mo] E. Bernshteinu, 12 marta 1881.” Ibid., vol. 35.
Engels, F. “[Pis’mo] A. Bebeliu, 16 maia 1882.” Ibid.
Engels, F. “[Pis’mo] E. Bernshteinu, 22 avg. 1884.” Ibid., vol. 36.
Engels, F. “[Pis’mo] A. Bebeliu, 6 noiabria 1892.” Ibid., vol. 38.
Lenin, V. I. “Luiblanovshchina.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 31.
Lenin, V. I. “Gosudarstvo i revoliutsiia.” Ibid., vol. 33.
Plekhanov, G. V. “Ekonomicheskaia teoriia Karla Rodbertusa-Iagetsova.” Soch., vol. 1. Moscow-Petrograd, 1923.
Blanc, L. Organizatsiia truda. Leningrad, 1926. (Translated from French.)
Lasalle, F. “Glasnyi otvet Tsentral’nomu Komitetu, uchrezhden-nomu dlia sozyva obshchegermanskogo Rabochego Kongressa v Leiptsige.” Soch., vol. 2. Moscow, 1925.

E. G. PANFILOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Americanist scholars could only articulate more audacious critiques of US state power, and particularly of the United States' imperial practices in the postcolonial world, after the end of the Cold War, and the demise of European state socialism allowed this criticism to become divorced from charges of communism.
The housing stock's privatization after 1990 happened in relation with the housing politics of state socialism. The creation of the private housing stock was tied as well to post-socialist primitive accumulation resulted from the privatization of state enterprises and from the investment of profit obtained in the due process into real estate businesses (1).
As Poland adjusted to European neoliberalism, modernist patrimony from the years of state socialism met with negligence and demolition.
While FRG authors went from seeing the Cuban state as an embodiment of legitimate political violence to criticizing governmental control in both capitalism and socialism, GDR producers replaced their visions of a democratic non-aligned Cuban state socialism with a consumerist gaze that portrayed the island as a sexualized exotic location.
Abu-Lughod traces the shifting scene of women's rights advocates in Egypt from state socialism in the 1950s and 1960s to neoliberalism, to international bodies, to corporate donors, to Islamic organizations.
It is much the same under state socialism as in the supposedly liberalized order of capitalist freedom.
His analysis of national stadium "23 August," reveals that fans were neither supporters of state socialism, clandestine resisters, nor depoliticized viewers, but rather soccer enthusiasts who developed creative strategies to transform their interest into a leisure form that escaped the logic of the very Ceaussescu regime that enabled it.
Eagleton alerts the reader, stating that "state socialism" itself is an ambiguous concept.
We apologise for the delay in answering your inquiry but are currently experiencing greater than normal call volumes following the weekend local and European election results..." Bloody UKIP, I mutter, and return to my laptop, currently crawling at a snail's pace through the online CIA Fact book, the Yankee spooks' surprisingly neutral international directory, The cursor hovers over the apogee of state socialism, North Korea, "a dictatorship whose cult of personality is organised around founder, Kim Il-sung and his son and heir Kim Jong-il".
As we've analyzed them in this special issue of CD, these changes include the transition from state socialism to state capitalism in Russia and China and their incorporation into a world of global capitalism.
The contributions to this volume shed new light on a major wonder of state socialism in its prime years--how, despite the oppressive "national policy" with its built-in anti-semitic streak, over 250,000 Soviet Jewish citizens could gain an exclusive right for emigration denied to the rest of the Soviet people.
'was being revealed as the bankruptcy of state socialism in its

Full browser ?