And the steady-state flow
stress is described by hyperbolic function.
In addition to preventing pellets from impacting the elbow wall, the vortex chamber causes the material to exit the elbow evenly and return rapidly to a laminar, steady-state flow
within the conveying line.
The steady-state flow
testing of engine cylinder heads is a widely employed procedure to assist the design of intake ports, cylinder head geometry, etc.
To complete hydraulic characterization of the pipeline, steady-state flow
measurements were performed before the principal filling and emptying experiments took place.
All steady-state flow
curves showed a shear-thinning behavior and were modeled using the Cross' equation, which is a rheological model.
Darcy equation for steady-state flow
can be expressed as Equation 9.
In case of flow ramp-down, the flow rate will be decreased from the maximum or normal steady-state flow
rate to a lower steady-state flow
rate during the specified period.
After a few minutes of steady-state flow
, we shut down pump No.
The sensitive areas which affect the helical port performance are calibrated by the in-cylinder flow field analysis and steady-state flow
test, and finally three ports with different structural parameters are made into cylinder head products, the steady-state flow
test during the intake process is completed on the test bench.
To monitor the dissaglomeration of the clay tactoids achieved during the nanocomposite melt processing, a pulse of PP/MMT master pellets was fed into the steady-state flow
of PP and followed in real time, using the inline optical detector.
rates were assumed when the last three consecutive readings were approximately the same ([+ or -] 5%).
This approach allowed identifying any hydraulic connection between the tested couple of boreholes via particular fracture in the steady-state flow