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see balancebalance,
instrument used in laboratories and pharmacies to measure the mass or weight of a body. A balance functions by measuring the force of gravity that the earth exerts on an object, i.e., its weight.
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(an incorrect English translation of the German Staalhof, from Middle Low German Staal, or “sample,” and Hof, or “yard,” the error resulting from the similar pronunciations of the German words Staal and Stahl, or “steel”), a name that dates from the 15th and 16th centuries for the Kontor (counter) of the German Hanseatic merchants in London, the center of Hanseatic trading in England. The Steelyard, located on the site of a German merchants’ hall known from the 13th century, was a community united in strict discipline; its members enjoyed extensive commercial privileges in England. Trade was strictly regulated by the Hanseatic League. The Steelyard had branches in several other English cities as well. In the late 16th century, the Kontor was closed; the privileges of the Hanseatic merchants were revoked, and the merchants themselves were expelled from England.


A weighing device with a counterbalanced arm supporting the load to be weighed on the short end.
References in periodicals archive ?
In most of rural America you can still find steelyards that have plenty of old main line or trolley track lying around.
"Twenty-five years ago we were a manufacturing nation, with steelyards, shipyards and coal," said Mr Barrowdale.
Eisenhower's Interstate Highway System, to the worn-out steelyards and factories of Pennsylvania, to the slum blocks cleared for urban renewal under Presidents Johnson and Nixon, and, mote recently, to the housing projects built in their place.
Many settled in the industrial central belt, including Billy's hometown of Bellshill, seeking work in the mines and steelyards.
It was their cranes and their steelyards. We decided that we would like somewhere for ourselves," said Lonergan.
From Ellis Island, where they would spend anxious days while their applications for American citizenship were processed, many headed west to till the rolling farmlands of Indiana, south to the steelyards of Pittsburgh, or they stayed to open a kosher deli on Manhattan's Lower East Side, a corner shop in Little Italy or, if they had no money or friends, they were forced reluctantly into the West Side tenement blocks of Hell's Kitchen.