A billion dollar class stellarator/heliotron device (LHD) has been in operation in Japan for many years and another large stellarator
(W7-X) is under construction in Germany.
The reliability of the code has been established by using it to study zero pressure stellarators
where islands are known to exist in equilibria found by solving the Laplace equation.
Sep 22-27 Alushta-2008 International Conference and School on Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion and 3ed Alushta International Workshop on the Role of Electric Fields in Plasma Confinement in Stellarators
He has published over 200 scientific papers in various journals and in 2001 published "A History of Stellarators
in the Ukraine" in the Journal of Fusion Energy.
ICC program was running at $20.8 M per year, distributed as follows: tokamak innovations and physics ($3.9 M); stellarators
($3.4 M); self-organized concepts, such as spheromaks and field-reversed concepts ($6 M); high pressure and high field concepts ($4 M); and Other, such as levitated dipole ($3.5 M).
October 3-11 15th International Stellarator
Workshop and IAEA Technical Workshop on Innovative Concepts and Theory of Stellarators
Therefore, the Committee directs the Department to utilize $29,900,000 of funding proposed for ITER and the additional $5,605,000 to restore U.S.-based fusion funding to fiscal year 2005 levels as follows: $7,300,000 for high performance materials for fusion; $14,305,000 to restore operation of the three major user facilities to fiscal year 2005 operating levels; $7,200,000 for intense heavy ion beams and fast ignition studies; $5,100,000 for compact stellarators
and small-scale experiments; and $1,600,000 for theory.
Hutch Neilson (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) described the promise and status of Compact Stellarators
. He said that Compact Stellarators
"solved critical problems for magnetic fusion," by providing a concept having steady state without current drive and one having no disruptions, being stable without feedback control or rotation drive.
In this regard, the design of the stellarator
required the use of superconducting helicoidal coils of complex shape (see Fig.
Tolok was given the leadership responsibility for the development of the stellarator
line at KIPT, carrying out the corresponding theoretical and experimental program.