Polarized light irradiation near the stellate ganglion
in a patient with Raynaud's sign.
A study by Dr Mike Chester found stellate ganglion
blocks provided pain relief for up to eight weeks and concluded it provide a "safe and effective outpatient procedure" in angina patients.
Left Cervical Sympathetic Chain with Stellate Ganglion
(1) = lesions within the pons, (2) = lesions within the spinal cord, (3) = lesions within the thoracic roots T1-T3, (4) = sympathetic chain between T1 and T2, (5) = stellate ganglion
, (6) = sympathetic chain between stellate and middle cervical ganglion, (7) = sympathetic chain between middle and superior cervical ganglion, and (8) = sympathetic fibers traveling with the internal carotid artery.
We reviewed consecutive outpatient charts for patients who underwent hydrodissection of the stellate ganglion
, brachial plexus, cervical nerve roots, or paravertebral spaces for the management of pain with neuropathic characteristics.
the squid (Doryteuthis pealei) mantle was opened and each stellate ganglion
with its nerves was exposed.
Therapies included analgesic, anti-inflammatory, tricyclic antidepressant, anticonvulsant medications, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, nerve blocks, stellate ganglion
blockades, and using chemical, thermal, or surgical sympathectomy.
Biochemical and immunocytochemical characterization and distribution of phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated subunits of neurofilaments in squid giant axon and stellate ganglion
That structure is the stellate ganglion
of the squid Loligo pealeii.