stencil


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stencil,

cutout device of oiled or shellacked tough and resistant paper, thin metal, or other material used in applying paint, dye, or ink to reproduce its design or lettering upon a surface. Designing an art stencil differs from ordinary drawing, since the design itself must be cut away, and ties must be arranged to hold the background together and to give definition to the pattern, somewhat in the manner of lines in mosaic or leaded glass. In a repeating border or design, registers are cut to coincide with some small detail or dot to enable the user to place the stencil accurately for each repetition. It is held securely upon the surface, while the stencil brush (with square-cut stiff bristles) is manipulated to work the medium over it (in a circular movement for fabrics) until every detail is evenly colored. The technique has been employed since ancient times for the decoration of walls and ceilings, pottery, furniture, textiles, leather, and small objects. It is also used in mimeographing, addressing, and lettering cases or cartons for shipping. The Chinese and Japanese employ a tough mulberry paper, making intricate stencils that are collected for their beauty. The silk-screen stencil, an innovation in silk-screen printingsilk-screen printing,
multiple printing technique, also known as serigraphy, involving the use of stencils to transfer the design. Paint is applied to a silk or nylon screen and penetrates areas of the screen not blocked by the stencil.
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, is used for posters, wallpapers and textiles. In handwork, silk fabric is stretched on a frame and then coated with glue or other impervious material; a stencil paste, rubbed on with a squeegee, passes through the uncoated portions. The method has been adapted by artists to make prints known as serigraphs.

Bibliography

See A. Bishop and C. Lord, The Art of Decorative Stenciling (rev. ed. 1985); L. LeGrice, The Art of Stenciling (1987).

Stencil

 

a thin, flat rectangular plate in addressing machines used for the repeated printing of short addresses from texts of not more than 200 characters (for example, mailing lists and order forms).

Depending on the type of printing, distinctions are made between letterpress stencils made from metal or plastic and having punched-out letters, hectographic stencils made from art paper, and stencils made from a thin fabric coated with a waxlike substance. The last two types of stencils are held in plastic frames. There are projections or color indicators at the edges of stencils to enable rapid manual or automated retrieval. The application of a text on metal or plastic stencils is carried out by the stamping mechanism of the addressing machine. The text on a stencil for hectographic or stenciling addressing machines is typewritten.

REFERENCE

Alferov, A. V., I. S. Reznik, and V. G. Shorin. Orgatekhnika. Moscow, 1973.

A. V. ALFEROV

stencil

[′sten·səl]
(graphic arts)
A template with either mechanically or hand cut openings.
A metal foil with openings made by chemically etching, laser cutting, or electroforming processes.
References in periodicals archive ?
His work, and that of Prithvi Kotian at Rochester Institute of Technology, provided the stencil comparison transfer efficiency data for this column.
Some hand stencils show the entire hand, with all the fingers spread out.
My daughter, Beth, sent me a photo of the most unbelievable stenciled peacock cookies in turquoise and lime that she had made for her friend's birthday.
He said: "Emily likes to stencil too and helps me in my studio at home.
Following the manufacturer's instructions, remove the film from the stencil creme.
Fine-pitch printing results are directly tied to stencil aperture area ratio, a relationship between aperture area and stencil thickness.
NanoClear is gaining broad based support from Stencil producers, CEM's, major Paste suppliers and the Cleaning companies.
One daunting aspect is the cost of the equipment and the cost of the stencils Hamilton used in his article.
Below the fill line, stencil "CAUTION-DO NOT FILL ABOVE THIS LINE TO ALLOW FOR EXPANSION" in 3-in letters.
Grab satin-finish latex paint in the colour of your choice and a stencil that you love (something large scale can look especially striking).
In addition to the free printable heart stencils, iStencils.com features a range of heart stencils available starting at USD4.99.
Prices for the water stencils vary by market, number of locations and the intricacies of the stencil design.