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Decorative painting on interior walls, consisting of repetitive patterns applied by brushing paint onto the surface through openings cut in the stencil.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the reproduction of text and graphic images using a stencil through which the ink reaches the material to be printed.

The most common method of stenciling is called the silk screen process; in this case, the stencil is a silk or polymer screen stretched on a frame. The segments of the screen corresponding to blank places in the image are covered with a compound that is impermeable to the ink. During printing, the viscous ink is forced through the openings of the screen onto the receiving surface by the pressure of a rubber squeegee. The thickness of the ink layer on a copy is 10–30 times greater than in offset or letterpress printing, which requires artificial drying and limits the productivity of printing machines to 1,000 copies per hr.

Stenciling is used to print on sheet and roll materials (paper, plastic, metal, and the like) or on finished articles such as ampuls and bottles. It is also used for small-job printing of documents and for the production of advertising posters, wrapping paper, printed-circuit cards, instrument scales, and books for the blind.


Zotkin, S. F., and E. L. Kalnin’. Trafaretnaiapechat’. Moscow, 1965.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I realised that I enjoyed stenciling and started giving people them as presents.
HOLE-HEARTED Artist Chris Fleming began his creative career after discovering his late grandfather's stenciling equipment
A manufacturer the size of American Bridge can become overwhelmed with the volume of hand stenciling required with its high-quantity fabricating output.
Although hand stenciling is the most practical way to mark one-of-a-kind primary bridge members, the use of hand stenciling on high-quantity primary and non-stress secondary bridge members, including gusset plates, lacing bars and diaphragms, can be burdensome.
Push the stenciling brush into the paint just enough to coat the tips of the bristles, then pat off the excess on a dry cloth or newspaper, making sure the paint spreads to all the bristles as you do so (Photo 2).
Stenciling kits are available in home decorating stores and come in many patterns.
Paint for the stencil colors should be applied with a special stenciling brush (a small, blunt-bristled brush, also available at home decorating stores).
Lynn Bittner, who has made a part-time business out of stenciling for the past ten years, showed me the basics.
According to Lynn, when it comes to stenciling there are only a few practical tips that you should remember.
Storm drain stenciling is, very simply, public education in the streets.
But two recent developments in solder paste stenciling for BGA rework are viable alternatives that may offer significant yield improvements for those willing to apply and master them.
So you can get right to stenciling, we've designed the chest itself to be as simple and fast to build as possible.