sterculia


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Related to sterculia: Sterculia urens

sterculia

(stərkyo͞o`lēə), common name for some members of the Sterculiaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees of tropical and subtropical regions. The most important members of the family are the cacaocacao
, tropical tree (Theobroma cacao) of the family Sterculiaceae (sterculia family), native to South America, where it was first domesticated and was highly prized by the Aztecs. It has been extensively cultivated in the Old World since the Spanish conquest.
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, source of cocoa and chocolate, and the colacola
or kola,
tropical tree (genus Cola) of the family Sterculiaceae (sterculia family), native to Africa but now grown in other tropical regions. The fruit is a pod containing seeds from which is obtained caffeine, an alkaloid that functions as a stimulant.
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, the caffeine-rich seeds of which are used commercially in soft drinks and medicines. Karaya, or Indian gum, from S. urens, is an inexpensive substitute for tragacanth. The family also includes several species cultivated as ornamentals, e.g., the flannel bush in the United States, the kurrajong in Australia, and the Chinese parasol tree. Sterculia is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Malvales.

Sterculia

 

a genus of trees of the family Sterculiaceae. The leaves are alternate. The flowers, which are unisexual and apetalous, are gathered in many-flowered panicles and often have an unpleasant odor. The fruits are follicles. There are 200 species (according to other data, as many as 300), distributed in the tropics, mainly in Asia and Africa. Many species are raised for their fiber and gum. S. wens, a tree reaching 10 m in height and having five-lobed petiolate leaves, grows wild in India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. It yields a gum, often called Indian tragacanth, which is used as an adhesive.agent in fabric printing, leather-making, and shoe manufacture. The seeds and young roots of some species are edible.

References in periodicals archive ?
Other non-timber plant species such as Nauclea diderrichii, Ficus trichopoda, Sterculia tragacantha, and Aframomum cereum, presented very poor structures in all the forest stands.
of fiber unspecified) vs sterculia Randomized crossover trial (5) gum and antispasmodic 58 adults with uncomplicated Bran crispbread (6.
Bulking agents (natural bran, wheat husks, ispaghula, sterculia and methyl cellulose taken with plenty of water) help overcome constipation.
The lower slopes of the Pare Mountains and isolated hills within the reserve bear quite robust trees, including the mystical blue-green peeling trunks of Commiphora holtziana, and the slender pale green trunks of the vast yet elegant Sterculia appendiculata, and a rich woody flora.
Possibly the sterculia caribaea for the mapu, and the sloanea for the "acomat," these being among the very tall Caribbean mountain trees.
These results resemble those observed for Melissa officinalis (TAVARES; PIMENTA; GONCALVEZ, 1996), Sterculia urens (PUROHIT; DAVE, 1996) and Castanea sativa (SANCHEZ et al.
In Andaman Moist Deciduous Forests, occurrence of many evergreen species likes Sterculia campanulata, Artocarpus chaplasa indicating the natural succession leading to climax formation.
Se pueden identificar bosques siempre verdes, zonas de inundacion, localmente llamados bajios, y humedales permanentes o curichis, ademas de las caracteristicas extensiones de sabanas del Beni (Hanagarth, 1993), con parches de bosque seco que incluyen una gran cantidad de "garabata" (Pseudoananas sagenarius), especies como Guazuma umifolia, Sterculia apetala, Tabebuia impetiginosa, Attalea phalerata, Calophyllum brasiliensis, Inga spp.
2013) en el municipio de Chimichagua hay especies importantes en la interaccion con los colibries como Tabebuia chrysea (Handroanthus), Ceiba pentandra, Coursetia ferruginea, Sterculia apetala, Cochlospermum vitifolium, Tabebuia ochracea, Capparidastrum frondosum, Tabebuia.
r r Stigmaphyllum lineare r r Stigmaphyllum sagreanum r + Other species: Sterculia apetala 3, Harrisia eriophora +, Commelina sp.