sternocleidomastoid

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sternocleidomastoid

[¦stər·nō¦klīd·ə′ma‚stȯid]
(anatomy)
A muscle of the neck that flexes the head; origin is the manubrium of the sternum and clavicle, and insertion is the mastoid process.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sternocleidomastoid muscle flap preventing Frey's syndrome following parotidectomy.
The tract then courses superiorly dorsal to the common carotid artery, loops around the hypoglossal nerve and extends medially to the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
Campignion [3] suggested that the voluntary action of the cervical muscles, represented by the upper trapezius fibers and sternocleidomastoid muscles could be facilitated by the action of the cervical muscle group, resulting in greater coordination of movement, proximal stabilization and functional gain in the same region.
Respondents were asked to list (in their opinion) the most effective form of intervention for the management of the shortened sternocleidomastoid muscle in infants with CMT (Table 6).
Hollinshead (2) described variations of the external jugular vein (1): It runs vertically downwards across the superficial surface of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (very rarely deep into it).
To relieve the pain, the NMT was applied to stretch the trapezius and sternocleidomastoid muscles.
The transducer was placed parallel and superior to the clavicular heads of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
An incision lengthed about 5-8 cm was made two fingerbreadths from the suprasternal notch to cut open the skin and subcutaneous tissues, and to separate loose connective tissues of bilateral sternocleidomastoid muscles and infrahyoid muscles until the upper and lower planes of side thyroid lobes.
8) Frey's syndrome and the impact of the sternocleidomastoid muscle flap in its prevention have been previously studied.
After multiple failed attempts for removal, open lateral approach to esophagus through neck was planned from right side and a lateral vertical incision was made medial to right sternocleidomastoid muscle Oesophagus was approached post-erolaterally saving recurrent laryngeal nerve.
They were divided into two groups; 97 patients in Group A had parathyroid glands preserved in situ, while 291 patients in Group B had at least one parathyroid gland autotransplanted in ipsilateral sternocleidomastoid muscle.
In majority of cases with accessory nerve palsy, the trapezius is the only muscle involved, because most injuries occur below the level of supply to the sternocleidomastoid muscle (3,4,23).

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