laxative

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laxative,

drug or other substance used to stimulate the action of the intestines in eliminating waste from the body. The term laxative usually refers to a mild-acting substance; substances of increasingly drastic action are known as cathartics, purgatives, hydrogogues, and drastics, respectively. Laxatives or cathartics fall into three general categories: irritants that stimulate the muscular action of the intestines (cascara, phenolphthalein, senna); compounds that increase the amount of bulk in the intestines either by withdrawing water from the body (salines such as Epsom salts, citrate of magnesia) or by increasing the bulk when combined with fluids (agar-agar, bran, the various cellulose substances); and lubricants such as mineral oil, which ease the passage of waste and counteract excessive drying of the intestinal contents. Frequent or regular use of cathartics may seriously disrupt the natural digestive processes. When food and even waste products are forced out of the intestinal tract too rapidly, the body is deprived of vital substances, including the nutrients absorbed in the small intestine and the water, vitamins, and minerals extracted from the waste matter in the large intestine. Vitamins A and D, which are soluble in oil, are removed from the body even when the least irritating laxative, mineral oil, is taken. In addition to disrupting digestive and nutritional processes, laxatives reinforce the condition they are intended to overcome. When the intestines are purged, it may be several days before they can fill again with sufficient waste to induce natural elimination. The harm can be perpetuated by frequent use aimed at forcing daily elimination. The response to laxatives is soon lessened, so that larger and more frequent doses may become necessary. Laxatives should be avoided especially when there is abdominal pain. An inflamed appendix may rupture after the use of a laxative. See constipationconstipation,
infrequent or difficult passage of feces. Constipation may be caused by the lack of adequate roughage or fluid in the diet, prolonged physical inactivity, certain drugs, or emotional disturbance.
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laxative

[′lak·səd·iv]
(pharmacology)
An agent that stimulates bowel movement and relieves constipation.

laxative

an agent stimulating evacuation of faeces
References in periodicals archive ?
For maintenance, keep children on MiraLax and mineral oil routinely, with stimulant laxatives as needed, to achieve a goal of 1-2 loosely formed stools daily.
These products may be promoted for "bowel cleansing." The State of California has proposed a regulation to require a warning label statement on all food products (including dietary supplements) sold in that state and containing stimulant laxatives.
Before I start my patients on any medicine, I suggest a trial of increased daily water and fiber intake along with exercise, followed by a trial of stool softeners and stimulant laxatives, if needed.
Secondly, the two groups were compared for age, sex, shape of stool (small and hard stool or not), abdominal symptoms, existence of hemorrhoids, Kampo diagnosis of abdomen, past stimulant laxative use, duration of stimulant laxative use before the first administration of rhubarb, duration of rhubarb use in our hospital, and initial existence of stimulant pain caused by taking stimulant laxatives for the first time.
If your stools are soft but are still difficult to pass, try taking a stimulant laxative in addition to a bulk-forming laxative.
The product is a combination of sodium picosulfate (a stimulant laxative) and magnesium oxide with anhydrous citric acid, which form magnesium citrate, an osmotic laxative.
An herbal stimulant laxative made with standardized organic senna leaf extract, organic ginger rhizome and organic licorice root, Organic Smooth Move Senna provides gentle overnight relief from occasional constipation.
In May the company launched two new television advertising campaigns--one for the stimulant laxative and one for the stool softener--educating consumers on the unique benefits of each product.
(12) Castor oil is a stimulant laxative that causes the accumulation of fluid in the small intestine and promotes evacuation of the bowels.
Tenders are invited for Liquid Stimulant Laxative Minimum Containing Milk Of Magnesia 11.25 Ml Liquid Paraffin 3.75 Ml/15 Ml Minimum 100 Ml In Bottle
1 doctor-recommended stimulant laxative brand overall, according to Gary Sanguinetti, director of sales at the company.