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in zoology, organ found in bees, many wasps, some ants, and in scorpions and sting rays, used defensively as well as to kill or paralyze prey. In the bee and the wasp the venomvenom
or zootoxin,
any of a variety of poisonous substances produced by animals. In poisonous snakes, venom is secreted in two poison glands, one on each side of the upper jaw, and enters the fang by a duct.
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 is produced by glands associated with the ovipositor (egg-laying organ) of the female. As symptoms differ, it is assumed that the venom of each species of insect probably has slightly different chemical properties. The bee's "acid gland" produces histamine and proteinlike substances that are extremely dangerous to persons with specific allergies to them. Adrenaline injections may be lifesaving in such cases. In the honeybee the sting is a minute needle with tiny serrated edges, the teeth of which point backward. This makes it hard for the insect to pull the organ loose and often results in the fatal loss of the sting, the poison gland, and part of the intestine. Hornets, yellow jackets, and other wasps have sharp, smooth stings that can be used repeatedly. A few ants produce formic acid as a venom. The scorpion kills its prey with poison injected by a curved spine at the tip of its tail; the wound is painful to human adults and may be fatal to children. Strictly speaking, spiders bite rather than sting, since they inject their venom by means of fanglike cheliceras. Coelenterates, e.g., the hydra, jellyfish, and certain corals, are equipped with stinging capsules (nematocysts) consisting of a trigger mechanism that, when stimulated, raises the hydrostatic pressure of the cell so that hollow venom-bearing threads are ejected with enough force to pierce the prey. The larger coelenterates, e.g., the Portuguese man-of-war and Cyanea, are dangerous to man. The stingrays, or stingarees, have long whiplike tails bearing one to three sharply toothed, bony, poisonous stingers capable of inflicting painful wounds.


1. a skin wound caused by the poison injected by certain insects or plants
2. pain caused by or as if by the sting of a plant or animal
3. a sharp pointed organ, such as the ovipositor of a wasp, by which poison can be injected into the prey
4. Slang a trap set up by the police to entice a person to commit a crime and thereby produce evidence


A parallel dialect of Scheme intended to serve as a high-level operating system for symbolic programming languages. First-class threads and processors and customisable scheduling policies.

E-mail: <>.

["A Customizable Substrate for Concurrent Languages", S. Jagannathan et al, ACM SIGPLAN Notices, 1992].
References in periodicals archive ?
Dismissing and denying victims through intolerance on an evening supposedly in [their] memory, while Sting sings Daesh's hymn #inchallah at #Bataclan
Conclusions: Since there is a large number of cases with a history of previous scorpion stings, it appears we can reduc e the incidence of this occurrence using education of preventing and control ways from this phenomenon to persons referred to treatment in the studied area and repeat those in similar regions with high range of scorpion sting.
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Conclusion: Scorpion sting is an acute life-threatening emergency, and an early presentation to the hospital.
Scorpion-stung patients who referred to the health centre and hospital of city of Ramhormoz during 2006-2010 filled out a questioner requesting age, gender and residence of victim, stung part of body, color of stinging scorpion, treatment with or without antivenin injection, the way how antivenin applied and death due to the sting.
Very few insect stings become infected, and if they do, this usually happens after several days (not within hours).
Once out, slowly pouring seawater over the sting will help ease the pain.
Results: The incidence of scorpion sting in Kashan is calculated as 58 persons in hundred thousand (100,000).
PEOPLE who attended the just- concluded Hay Festival in Thiruvananthapuram, and were privy to what was happening behind the scenes, have dubbed it as the Sting in Two Parts.
A BEE sting may have claimed the life of a 90-year-old woman.
The therapy includes putting numerous bees on the ailing body parts to sting them into recovery.