stoa


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stoa

(stō`ə), in ancient Greek architecture, an extended, roofed colonnade on a street or square. Early examples consisted of a simple open-fronted shed or porch with a roof sloping from the back wall to the row of columns along the front. Later stoas were often immense, running to two stories, each with a colonnade of a different order and having a ridged roof supported on internal colonnades; rows of shops or offices lined the back wall, which was sometimes decorated with paintings. Such stoas surrounded the agora or marketplace of every large city and were used for public meetings. The Stoa Poecile on the north side of the agora of Athens was the favorite meeting place of the philosopher Zeno of CitiumZeno of Citium
, c.334–c.262 B.C., Greek philosopher, founder of Stoicism. He left Cyprus and went to Athens, where he studied under the Cynics, whose teachings left an important impression on his own thought.
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; hence his followers are called Stoics and his system StoicismStoicism
, school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium (in Cyprus) c.300 B.C. The first Stoics were so called because they met in the Stoa Poecile [Gr.,=painted porch], at Athens, a colonnade near the Agora, to hear their master Zeno lecture.
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Stoa

A covered colonnade in ancient Greek and Roman cities, flanking the agora (an open market and meeting place); either one- or two-storied, with an open front and shops or offices built into the rear wall.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

stoa

A portico, usually detached, often of considerable extent, providing a sheltered promenade or meeting place.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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ND 652 has a lax spike type with plant height similar to Grandin (78 cm), 4 cm shorter than Stoa and Amidon, and 3 cm taller than Len based on data from 14 location-years of North Dakota State Trials.
Further evidence for the architectural function of capital C may be provided by a poros column drum that now stands next to it in the North Stoa (Fig.
"Even the Castlegate shopping centre is very much like a Greek Stoa and if we were to time-warp an ancient Greek to modern-day Stockton, he would be very much at home in Castlegate.
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Other documents analyzed include: the number and range of research papers and conference presentations, link patterns (e.g., WWW links [citations] to the Perseus home page), electronic list messages (number of messages, who participates, and content categories), and original materials contributed by scholars (the Stoa).
As the book's title suggests, Becker has undertaken the project of founding a Stoa redivivus, which he fulfills by demonstrating how it is possible to employ Stoic principles as a viable basis for a coherent and articulate brand-name ethical theory.
Dancemaker Arja Raatikainen provided an exquisite blend of movement and light design in her Comments at Stoa, The Cultural Center of Eastern Helsinki.
Someone like Seneca may fall under several headings, as he put forth the arguments of the Late Stoa: slavery, to the Stoic, was accepted but at base irrelevant, that is, "legal" slavery was irrelevant to the wise or good man, though "moral" slavery was evil and destructive.