Stolon

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stolon

[′stō·lən]
(botany)
(invertebrate zoology)
An elongated projection of the body wall from which buds are formed giving rise to new zooids in Anthozoa, Hydrozoa, Bryozoa, and Ascidiacea.
(mycology)
A hypha produced above the surface and connecting a group of conidiophores.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stolon

 

(1) In plants, a lateral shoot with long, slender inter-nodes and underdeveloped leaves that serves as a device for vegetative propagation. Unlike rhizomes, stolons have a short life-span, usually dying during their first year or after overwintering. Developing on stolonate tips are young rosetted shoots (in strawberries, saxifrages, houseleeks, cinquefoils), tubers (in potatoes), squamous tubercles (in starflowers), or bulbils (in certain species of tulips). Stolons may be above or below ground; in the latter case they are called runners.

(2) In animals, an outgrowth of the body of a colonial multicellular organism. Asexual reproduction is effected by budding of the stolons. Stolons are typical of certain coelenterates, Bryozoa, Pterobranchia, and tunicates. The buds of new individuals—the members of a colony—are formed on a stolon.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stoloniferous bulbs are essentially erect bulbs connected underground by a stolon or underground stem.
Rhizomatous, stoloniferous, and bunchtype are different -- of grasses.
Rhizomatous and stoloniferous grasses tend to reproduce more quickly and evenly than bunch-type grasses.
Initially it forms a taproot, then it expands into a vegetatively spreading, stoloniferous subshrub, with an adventitious root system.
Various approaches have been reported in mitigating rumen methane emission but their practical use have not yet been clearly shown (Hook et al., 2009).Asiatic Pennywort (Centella asiatica (L.) urban) is a stoloniferous perennial herb, commonly growing in humid areas in several tropical countries.
* Stoloniferous grasses had lower runoff and soil movement than pastures dominated by tussocky perennial grass, when compared at the same level of cover (Scanlan et al.
Its stoloniferous root system can penetrate deep sandy soils and its extraction required teams of men trench digging more than a metre into the soil to harvest the important root.