Stomatitis


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Related to Stomatitis: herpetic stomatitis, angular stomatitis

stomatitis

[‚stō·mə′tīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the soft tissues in the mouth.

Stomatitis

 

inflammation of the oral mucosa accompanied by degenerative changes in the oral cavity. In humans, stomatitis may be caused by mechanical, thermal, chemical, or physical injury, hypovitaminosis, diabetes mellitus, diseases of the cardiovascular, nervous, hematopoietic, and digestive systems, acute infections (for example, measles, scarlet fever, and diphtheria), chronic infections (for example, tuberculosis), poisoning, and parasitic fungi (for example, thrush).

The factors that cause traumatic stomatitis include deposits of dental calculus, decayed carious teeth, poorly made prostheses and fillings, foreign objects, burns produced by hot food, and the action of alkalies and acids. A catarrhal process develops after short exposure to an injurious factor, with the mucous membrane becoming hyperemic and edematous and bleeding easily. Prolonged exposure results in the formation of ulcers, around which inflammatory phenomena develop.

Stomatitis caused by systemic diseases is characterized by the appearance of aphthae on the oral mucosa; it may be acute or chronic. Acute stomatitis aphthosa usually occurs in children suffering from gastrointestinal diseases, diatheses, or viral diseases. The body temperature is high, and aphthae surrounded by a bright red border appear on the mucosa of the gums, lips, and palate. There is profuse salivation, and the submaxillary lymph nodes become enlarged and tender. The disease lasts seven to ten days. Chronic recurrent stomatitis aphthosa is characterized by the periodic appearance of solitary aphthae on the buccal mucosa, the lateral surface of the tongue, and the lower lip. The bottoms of the aphthae are covered with a grayish yellow coating. The lymph nodes are usually not enlarged. The disease lasts five to ten days, after which the aphthae epithelize or are transformed into ulcers.

Ulcerative stomatitis commonly accompanies acute enterocolitis, gastric ulcer, and mercury and bismuth poisoning. It may result from tonsillitis or influenza. Ulcers may appear over the entire mucosa. A disagreeable odor emanates from the mouth, and salivation is profuse. With blood diseases (leukemias), aphthae appear on the oral mucosa and tonsils; the aphthae are eventually transformed into ulcers. Radiation sickness is characterized by the same symptoms.

Preventive and therapeutic measures include good oral hygiene, the elimination of the causes of the disease, rinsing of the mouth with a salt solution or boric acid (depending on the pH of the oral environment), physical therapy, and the application of sea-buckthorn oil.

REFERENCE

Rybakov, A. I. Stomatity. Moscow, 1964.
A. I. RYBAKOV
In animals. Stomatitis results from mechanical, thermal, or chemical factors (primary stomatitis) or accompanies such infectious diseases as foot-and-mouth disease and stachybotryotoxico-sis (secondary stomatitis). A diseased animal refuses to eat. The disease is manifested by frothy salivation, mucosal lesions, and a putrid mouth odor.
Treatment methods include irrigating the oral mucosa with disinfectants and astringents. Specific treatment is indicated in cases of secondary stomatitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Djavid et al., "Relieving pain in minor aphthous stomatitis by a single session of non-thermal carbon dioxide laser irradiation," Lasers in Medical Science, vol.
The inclusion criteria were older adults of both sexes, aged over 60 years, using superior complete removable acrylic denture and presenting denture stomatitis. Exclusion criteria were cognitive decline or dementia, and recent use of antibiotics and/or antifungals (in the past 2 months).
Effectiveness of vitamin B12 in treating recurrent aphthous stomatitis: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
and Aeromonas hydrophila, resulting in stomatitis. The corrections of husbandry conditions combined with an adequate antimicrobial therapy lead to the full recovery and release of the turtle.
[4] Kyvsgaard N, Mikkelsen T, Korsholm J, Veirum JE, Herlin T Periodic fever associated with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis.
The prevalence of denture stomatitis is about 65% among complete denture - wearers.
Stomatitis is a common affection found in animals and it is mostly a symptom of other diseases.
KEY WORDS: Celiac Disease, Dental caries, Enamel defects, Recurrent aphthous stomatitis.
Investigation of Behcet's disease and recurrent aphthous stomatitis frequency: the highest prevalence in Turkey.
Among 227 patients with EGFR-mutated metastatic NSCLC who received Vizimpro in ARCHER 1050, the most common adverse reactions were diarrhea, rash, paronychia, stomatitis, decreased appetite, dry skin, decreased weight, alopecia, cough and pruritus.
In conjunction, EMBL Ventures' interest in ViraTherapeutics focuses on the unique properties of its oncolytic (cancer-destroying) virus-based immunotherapy VSV-GP - a Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV) with a modified glycoprotein (GP) - currently in advanced pre-clinical development for the treatment of solid tumours.