mantis shrimp

(redirected from stomatopod)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to stomatopod: Stomatopoda

mantis shrimp,

marine crustaceancrustacean
, primarily aquatic arthropod of the subphylum Crustacea. Most of the 44,000 crustacean species are marine, but there are many freshwater forms. The few groups that inhabit terrestrial areas have not been particularly successful in an evolutionary sense; most require
..... Click the link for more information.
 of the order Stomatopoda, characterized by a pair of enlarged appendages, called maxillipeds, that form powerful claws for seizing prey. The last two segments of each of these legs are strong and sharp, and the end segment is folded back over the next segment to make a scissorslike cut. Mantis shrimps have stalked eyes and flattened abdomens with appendages bearing gills. They are usually found in warm shallow tropical or subtropical seas. A number of species are quite large, reaching 1 ft (30 cm) or more in size. Mantis shrimps are an important seafood outside the Western Hemisphere. They are classified separately from either true shrimpsshrimp,
small marine decapod crustacean with 10 jointed legs on the thorax, well-developed swimmerets on the abdominal segments, and a body that is compressed laterally.
..... Click the link for more information.
 or praying mantises (see mantidmantid
or mantis,
name applied to the large, slender, slow-moving, winged insects of the family Mantidae in the order Mantodea. Predatory insects, mantids have strong, elongate, spiny front legs, used for grasping prey.
..... Click the link for more information.
), whose forelimbs the maxillipeds superficially resemble. Mantis shrimps are grouped in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Crustacea, class Malacostraca, order Stomatopoda.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To overcome these issues, we modeled each stomatopod's performance using the Weibull distribution, instead of using the maximum measurement recorded (following the procedure in Hagey et al., 2016).
Bertinetti et al., "Textured fluorapatite bonded to calcium sulphate strengthen stomatopod raptorial appendages," Nature Communications, vol.
Hendrickx ME, Demestre M, Esparza-Haro A, Salgado-Barragan J (1997) Stomatopod and decapod crustaceans collected during the CEEMEX P5 and P7 cruises to the Gulf of Tehuantepec, Mexico.
The strike of this club (or a spear, stomatopod species feature either one) is among the fastest animal movements known.
Multiple spectral classes of photoreceptors in the retinas of gonodactyloid stomatopod crustaceans.
The bright orange fist-like club of the mantis shrimp, or stomatopod, a 4-inch long crustacean found in tropical waters, accelerates underwater faster than a 22-caliber bullet.
Stomatopod burrow densities increased nearly ten-fold at Willow Cove during 1996-1998 (0.01/[m.sup.2] (1995), 0.1/[m.sup.2] (1996), 0.06/[m.sup.2] (1997), 0.1/[m.sup.2] (1998), 0.01/[m.sup.2] (1999)), with 80% of the increase due to additional small (<20 mm diameter) burrows.
Indeed, with the striking force of a bullet, stomatopod claws can break the glass of aquarium walls.
Vision scientists have studied the extraordinarily complex visual systems of stomatopod crustaceans, or mantis shrimp, for decades.
The stomatopod and decapod crustaceans collected during the GUAYTEC II Cruise in the Central Gulf of California, Mexico, with the description of a new species of Plesionika Bate (Caridea: Pandalidae).