stoneware


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Related to stoneware: Stoneware Clay

stoneware,

hard potterypottery,
the baked-clay wares of the entire ceramics field. For a description of the nature of the material, see clay. Types of Pottery

It usually falls into three main classes—porous-bodied pottery, stoneware, and porcelain.
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 made from siliceous paste, fired at high temperature to vitrify (make glassy) the body. Stoneware is heavier and more opaque than porcelain and differs from terra-cotta in being nonporous and nonabsorbent. The usual color of fired stoneware tends toward gray, though there may be a wide range of color, depending on the clay. It has been produced in China since ancient times and is the forerunner of Chinese porcelain. It is difficult to distinguish between early porcelaneous stoneware and true porcelain. During the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) a porcelainlike stoneware was developed with remarkable red and green glazes. In the 16th cent. it was extensively manufactured in Yixing in Jiangsu prov., which is notable for its unusual teapots of red, buff, or gray and glazed or enameled stoneware. In Europe stoneware was manufactured in the 12th cent. in Germany, especially in the north and on the lower Rhine. Early salt-glazed wares have been found at Aachen and Cologne; these grayish, blue, and brown wares were exported in quantity to the Lowlands and England. Dutch, Flemish, and German potteries of the late 14th cent. made a distinctive stoneware, known as Cologne ware or grès de Flandres, with stamped or profusely modeled decoration; most of the examples exhibit a lead glaze, though a cream-colored variety was usually left unglazed. In the 1670s, John Dwight started to make stoneware jugs and mugs in England and climaxed his work with remarkable figurines and portrait busts of porcelaneous stoneware. By the turn of the century a white salt-glazed ware was being widely produced in Staffordshire. In the last quarter of the 18th cent. Josiah WedgwoodWedgwood, Josiah,
1730–95, English potter, descendant of a family of Staffordshire potters and perhaps the greatest of all potters. At the age of nine he went to work at the plant owned by his brother Thomas in Burslem, and in 1751, with a partner, he started in business.
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 invented and developed two stonewares that are still justly prized: basalt ware and jasper ware. Stoneware remains one of the most common forms of ceramics and is often employed in commercial and industrial products. See porcelainporcelain
[Ital. porcellana], white, hard, permanent, nonporous pottery having translucence which is resonant when struck. Porcelain was first made by the Chinese to withstand the great heat generated in certain parts of their kilns.
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stoneware

[′stōn‚wer]
(materials)
Vitrified ware with impermeable surface; used for corrosive materials in the laboratory and for some industrial operations.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

stoneware, earthenware

A hard, vitrified ceramic ware, usually salt-glazed and treated in a kiln at a high temperature; the vitrified body is waterproof, frostproof, and well-suited for use on the exterior of buildings.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

stoneware

1. a hard opaque pottery, fired at a very high temperature
2. made of stoneware
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
On Sunday, Fujimura also confessed to burying all 29 stoneware pieces unearthed in the Soshin Fudozaka ruins in Shintotsukawa, Hokkaido, but denied tampering with excavations at other ruins such as the Ogasaka ruins in Saitama Prefecture and the Sodehara ruins in Yamagata Prefecture.
A stoneware vase by Bernard Leach with spiralling design decorated in a celadon glaze.
A stoneware vase by Hans Coper, the body with subtle impressed panels, glazed with iron manganese to the rim and white slips to the body.
Also at ArtSpace are stoneware busts of Africans, with scars etched from early rituals of manhood; and Filipinos with eyes made with old symbols of tribal tattoos, or with other symbols of mountains and nature.
Sin Titulo ( Vaso 2010-03 ) and Vase ( 06-245 ) are traditional stoneware forms with incised black lines that elegantly divide the container like a cracked egg.
Target educates its customers in other areas of the department as well, with one sign explaining the difference between porcelain and stoneware dinnerware (porcelain is "more durable and chip-resistant than stoneware," is dishwasher - and microwave-safe and "is delicate in design with uncompromising durability"); another sign, clipped to the shelf near the porcelain boxed set dinnerware, outlines the benefits of white porcelain, which, Target tells its customers, can be used for casual and formal dining, is perfect for everyday use, and can be easily updated and matched with other pieces.
Boniecki currently uses two factories in Los Angeles not far from the original factory to produce the stoneware. The products range in price from $7 to $250, and Boniecki uses the original forms, as well as some new ones, to grow the line.
Packaging specialist Johnsen & Jorgensen has expanded its portfolio by negotiating sole UK distributorship of MKM-Ceramics Original Stoneware. MKM stoneware protects and preserves foods by minimising the effects of temperature variation.
Last month at one of the two sites, Kamitakamori in Miyagi Prefecture, a team led by Fujimura made the false claim that stoneware objects found at the site were more than 600,000 years old, making them among the oldest in Japan.
Six publishers of high school history textbooks said Tuesday they are considering whether to revise entries in their books about Japan's earliest stoneware, following Sunday's disclosure that a leading archaeologist had fabricated his discovery of the artifacts.
That is, Kaneko continues to make large, sometimes functional plates and platters, and all his sculptures are formed of glazed stoneware, their shimmering surfaces obscuring the baked clay beneath.