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Related to stratovolcanos: Composite Cone


A volcano constructed of lava and pyroclastics, deposited in alternating layers. Also known as composite volcano.



(also composite volcano), a volcano whose cone is composed of alternating flows of hardened lava and lava fragments (blocks, bombs, lapilli) that have become cemented together and turned into tuff.

Stratovolcanoes are formed during the outpouring of lavas and during volcanic eruptions. Many have a conical shape and range in elevation from several hundred meters to several kilometers. The slopes of the cone are relatively steep at the peak and flatten out toward the foot. The crater is in the form of a depression that ranges in diameter from several dozen meters to 2–3 km. Examples of stratovolcanoes include Kliuchevskaia Sopka and Kar-ymskaia Sopka of Kamchatka (USSR) and Mount Fuji (Japan).

References in periodicals archive ?
The "Older Ruiz" which includes stratovolcano construction and a small caldera collapse from 0.
Nevado del Ruiz Volcano (NRV) is an ice-covered stratovolcano located in the middle Central Cordillera of the Colombian Andes (4[degrees] 53-43'N, 75[degrees] 19-21' W, 5321 meters above sea level), to a distance of 28 km southeast of Manizales, the capital of Caldas department) (Figure 5).
Geology, volcanology and petrology of Cerro Bravo, a young dacitic stratovolcano in West-central Colombia: Unpublished MSc thesis, Lousiana State Univ, 244 p.