pharyngitis

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pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

Pharyngitis

 

acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx.

Acute pharyngitis in man is caused primarily by microbes (streptococcus, staphylococcus, and pneumococcus) and viruses (grippe and the adenoviruses); in the case of a severe cold or sinusitis, the inflammation frequently spreads to the pharynx from the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The symptoms of pharyngitis are dryness of the pharynx, painful swallowing—especially in the absence of food or drink—and a body temperature ranging from normal to 37.5°C. Treatment includes gargling with alkaline and disinfectant solutions, drinking warm liquids, and a bland diet.

Chronic pharyngitis may result from repeated acute infections of the pharynx, chronic infections in the nose and paranasal sinuses, chronic tonsillitis, and prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx caused by smoking, alcohol abuse, the inhalation of dust or noxious gases, and overexposure to cold. The symptoms are dryness of the pharynx, a burning or tickling sensation (a “scratchy” throat), painful swallowing, coughing, and the frequent need to expectorate. The condition is treated by removing the causative factors, gargling or rinsing the pharynx with alkaline solutions (inhalation), and applying a solution of Lugol’s caustic in glycerine to the posterior wall of the pharynx.

REFERENCES

See references under LARYNGITIS.
L. V. NEIMAN
Pharyngitis in animals is caused by the penetration of microorganisms in the pharyngeal tissues, usually resulting from a chill to the body or from the effect of extreme cold on the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Certain infectious diseases, such as anthrax, strangles, and pasteurellosis, may be accompanied by pharyngitis. The symptoms include difficulty in swallowing, excessive salivation, nasal discharge (with nasal regurgitation of food), swelling and soreness in the region of the pharynx, and—in acute pharyngitis—elevation of body temperature. Treatment includes application of heat to the affected areas, parenteral treatment with sulfanilamides and antibiotics, and serotherapy.

pharyngitis

[‚far·ən′jīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the pharynx.
References in periodicals archive ?
(20.) Pichichero Michael E.; Explanations and therapies for penicillin failure in streptococcal pharyngitis; Clinical pediatric; 2003; 31(11): 642-49.
Schwartz, "Practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of group A streptococcal pharyngitis," Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.
Streptococcal pharyngitis is an infection of the oropharynx and/or nasopharynx that is caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (also known as GAS).
Furthermore for throat swab cultures if no micro-organism is isolated in 48 hours then one has to check the growth every day until 7 days to confirm that the test is truly negative.7 Rapid identification and treatment of patients with streptococcal pharyngitis can reduce the risk of the spread of GABHS allowing the patient to return to school or work sooner and can reduce the acute morbidity associated with the illness.
The sore throat associated with influenza may be distinguished from streptococcal pharyngitis by several features:
The death certificate on file in the Worcester city clerk's office attributed the boy's death to "asphyxial death consistent with but not exclusively diagnostic of suffocation." Streptococcal pharyngitis and trachea-bronchitis contributed to Khyle's death, according to the death certificate.
This is based on evidence of a familial association (4), controlled studies (5,6) and the fact that only 2-3% of individuals exposed to rheumatogenic group A streptococcal pharyngitis go on to develop ARF (1).
Epidemiology of group A streptococcal pharyngitis & impetigo: a cross sectional and follow-up study in a rural community of northern India.
Pakistan Medical Society Chairman and Child Specialist said that Flu, influenza, viral respiratory infections, respiratory syncytial virus, streptococcal pharyngitis (strep throat), and viral gastroenteritis are the common seasonal diseases during the winter.
Bicillin[R] L-A is also indicated for mild-to-moderate infections of the upper respiratory tract due to susceptible streptococci, including streptococcal pharyngitis, and has been used for prophylaxis to prevent recurrence of rheumatic fever and/or chorea.

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