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inflammation of the pharynx



acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx.

Acute pharyngitis in man is caused primarily by microbes (streptococcus, staphylococcus, and pneumococcus) and viruses (grippe and the adenoviruses); in the case of a severe cold or sinusitis, the inflammation frequently spreads to the pharynx from the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The symptoms of pharyngitis are dryness of the pharynx, painful swallowing—especially in the absence of food or drink—and a body temperature ranging from normal to 37.5°C. Treatment includes gargling with alkaline and disinfectant solutions, drinking warm liquids, and a bland diet.

Chronic pharyngitis may result from repeated acute infections of the pharynx, chronic infections in the nose and paranasal sinuses, chronic tonsillitis, and prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx caused by smoking, alcohol abuse, the inhalation of dust or noxious gases, and overexposure to cold. The symptoms are dryness of the pharynx, a burning or tickling sensation (a “scratchy” throat), painful swallowing, coughing, and the frequent need to expectorate. The condition is treated by removing the causative factors, gargling or rinsing the pharynx with alkaline solutions (inhalation), and applying a solution of Lugol’s caustic in glycerine to the posterior wall of the pharynx.


See references under LARYNGITIS.
Pharyngitis in animals is caused by the penetration of microorganisms in the pharyngeal tissues, usually resulting from a chill to the body or from the effect of extreme cold on the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Certain infectious diseases, such as anthrax, strangles, and pasteurellosis, may be accompanied by pharyngitis. The symptoms include difficulty in swallowing, excessive salivation, nasal discharge (with nasal regurgitation of food), swelling and soreness in the region of the pharynx, and—in acute pharyngitis—elevation of body temperature. Treatment includes application of heat to the affected areas, parenteral treatment with sulfanilamides and antibiotics, and serotherapy.


Inflammation of the pharynx.
References in periodicals archive ?
Once-daily amoxicillin versus twice-daily penicillin V in group A ^-haemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis.
While rheumatic fever is observed in only 2-3% of individuals following an untreated episode of acute streptococcal pharyngitis or scarlet fever (1), the incidence of ARF following pharyngitis in patients who had a previous attack of ARF was approximately 50% (1).
Clinical prediction rules have been developed to help clinicians tease out the relatively few cases of streptococcal pharyngitis from the numerous benign viral infections, but these rules can be complicated, typically requiring the assignment of various weights to predictive factors.
The next questions must be about close recent exposure to someone with streptococcal pharyngitis and/or a sore throat in the last week.
Group A streptococcal pharyngitis serotype surveillance in North America, 2000-2002.
Epidemiology of group A streptococcal pharyngitis & impetigo: a cross-sectional & follow up study in a rural community of northern India.
Severe adverse reactions reported in the clinical trial of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) included neutropenia, streptococcal pharyngitis, increased aminotransferases, herpes zoster, myositis, metrorrhagia and appendicitis.
Practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of group A streptococcal pharyngitis.
NEW YORK -- Clinical criteria alone are inadequate for the diagnosis of group A streptococcal pharyngitis in adults.
Comparison of throat cultures and rapid strep tests for diagnosis of streptococcal pharyngitis.
A visit was considered eligible for abstraction if it was conducted by a study physician, the child's age fell between 2 and 10 years at the time of the encounter, the visit occurred during the appropriate time frame, and the child had one of the following diagnoses: acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, otitis externa, asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, mycoplasma infection, croup, streptococcal pharyngitis, viral pharyngitis, viral upper respiratory infection (Urn), sinusitis, or viral syndrome.
The patient's 2-year-old son had recovered from streptococcal pharyngitis just before the onset of his illness.

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