f] is fatigue limit; [DELTA][sigma] / 2 is the

stress amplitude and m is material parameter.

1 to 100 rad/s at a shear

stress amplitude of 500 Pa being in the linear range of material behavior.

Results of fatigue tests were evaluated statistically to calculate the slope of the S-N curves k, scatter with Ts and the nominal

stress amplitude after 5*[10.

where the probability density function for

stress amplitude is obtained from Rice's formula, Eq.

Besides, hysteresis loop, plastic deformation, and energy consumption all increase with the increment of

stress amplitude.

i] is the cycle having a level

stress amplitude of [DELTA][[sigma].

However, these curves are plotted as cycles-to-failure as a function of a

stress amplitude normalized with respect to the yield stress--and nowhere in the 200 pages is there mention of what that yield stress is.

The samples tested at the

stress amplitude of 85 MPa and stress ratio R = -1 had coarse unmodified microstructures and large silicon and iron-rich particles.

EN AW-6082: Figure 8 shows the results of a fatigue test with

stress amplitude of 175 MPa.

a](N)) is the deterioration produced by fatigue preloading with

stress amplitude [[sigma].

Objective of the optimization task was to minimize the mass of the connecting rod under the effect of a load range comprising the two extreme loads, the peak compressive gas load, such that the maximum, minimum, and the equivalent

stress amplitude are within the limits of the allowable stresses.

The increase of power consumption is due to an increase of the strain and

stress amplitude causing the degradation of the material.