double bass

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Related to string bass: Upright bass

double bass,

bowed stringed musical instrument, the contrabass of the modern orchestral string section. It originated as a double-bass violviol,
family of bowed stringed instruments, the most important ensemble instruments from the 15th to the 17th cent. The viol's early history is indefinite, but it is recognizable in depictions from as early as the 11th cent. During the second half of the 17th cent.
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, an instrument described as early as 1566. A true double-bass violinviolin,
family of stringed musical instruments having wooden bodies whose backs and fronts are slightly convex, the fronts pierced by two f-hole-shaped resonance holes. The instruments of the violin family have been the dominant bowed instruments because of their versatility,
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 appeared during the 18th cent. but was rejected as unwieldy and of poor tonal quality. The present double bass is tuned in fourths and usually has a flat back and sloping shoulders but has never attained a definitive form. The bow, the last to give up its convex shape, was long held palm upward like the viol bow, but the violin style is now customary. Indispensable in the orchestra, it also has a place in the dance band and jazz.

Double Bass


(contrabass), a bowed stringed instrument. It is the largest (nearly 2 m long) and lowest-pitched instrument in the string family. It has four strings tuned in fourths and sounds an octave lower than it is notated. There are also three- and five-string double basses. The player normally stands. Primarily an orchestral and ensemble instrument, the double bass is sometimes played as a solo instrument (outstanding virtuosos include G. Bottesini, Italy, 19th century; S. Koussevitzky, Russia, 20th century; and F. Gertovich, USSR).

The variety of a musical instrument that plays in the lowest registers is also known as a contrabass—for example, the contrabass trombone, contrabass tuba, and contrabass balalaika.

double bass

1. a stringed instrument, the largest and lowest member of the violin family. Range: almost three octaves upwards from E in the space between the fourth and fifth leger lines below the bass staff. It is normally bowed in classical music, but it is very common in a jazz or dance band, where it is practically always played pizzicato
2. of or relating to an instrument whose pitch lies below that regarded as the bass; contrabass
References in periodicals archive ?
They managed to elaborate that sound, in spite of the fact that the Coen orchestra was relatively small, consisting of one or two trumpets, three saxophones, piano, string bass, trap drums, maracas and at certain times, flute and violin.
In his piece Transitoires (1980-81), Grisey used sonographic analyses of a string bass, played in five different ways: pizzicato, normal, normal toward the bridge, almost on the bridge, and finally sul ponticello.
The String Academy program offers beginning classes in violin, viola, cello or string bass to children in several Eugene elementary schools regardless of ability to pay; for many of the kids performing this week it's their first time in front of an audience.
THE PRIZES The winning school will receive musical, dance and sports equipment in the form of: 1x Yamaha 5 piece adult drum kit 1x Fender 4 string bass guitar 1x Fender electric guitar pack 2x Fender 6 string acoustic guitars 2x Yamaha digital keyboards 1x Student 4/4 violin 1x Flute 10 x Treble recorders with wood grain finish 2x Shure hand held vocal microphones pounds 500 Debenhams vouchers (to spend on pineapple dancewear) 40x plastic match balls HOW TO ENTER FIRSTLY, you need to register on our brilliant new website myDailyPost by visiting www.
Formed in New York over a decade ago, the band use a line-up of fiddle, guitar, string bass and a trio of voices to concoct a deliciously sophisticated melting pot of sound, made up of western swing, Gypsy-jazz and bluegrass.
Even though beset with dizzying personnel changes, the flavor of Dan Hicks' all-acoustic lineup has seldom wavered over the years: lead guitar, rhythm guitar, string bass, two violins, and percussion -- never a drummer or an amplifier.
Erik Unsworth joined the music faculty of the University of Texas at El Paso in 2003, as a Visiting Assistant Professor of String Bass, Electric Bass, and Jazz and Commercial Music Studies.
String bass player Tony Pollitt, started his present spell with The Savannah Jazz Band 12 years ago.
More recent members are Barry Bockus, upright string bass, and Billy Novick, saxophone and clarinet.
String bass students of Tyler Abbott will give a group recital at 6 p.
At his brother's suggestion, he studied the string bass that was coming into its own as a jazz rhythm instrument, replacing the tuba.
One thing that sticks out in my mind about that version is that Mazzetti used a solo string bass in the last movement in place of the tuba that Cooke had used; the string bass sound struck me as much more appropriate.