Soil analysis: Three-year study (2009-2011) was carried out on deposol of external overburden landfill from strip mine Raskovac in Stanari, Republic of Srpska.
Content of soil organic matter: After three-year trial of growing combinations of siderates on strip mine deposols in Stanari, organic matter content was analysed in soil samples.
Ernst was interested in switchgrass because it added wildlife value to strip mine
and reclamation seed mixes.
Another obvious condition is mandatory timetables for restoring strip mines
and tailing ponds to their natural condition.
In 1997, it opened a surface strip mine
near Twilight that now produces 5 million tons of coal annually, all of it dug up and hauled off by about 350 nonunion workers.
7 1993-1998 2.8 Taldinskaya strip mine
1985-1999 7.3 Taldinskaya-Yuzhnaya 1993-1999 2.0 Kotinskaya 1993-2000 1.5 Bachatsky strip mine
1982-2000 12.0 East Siberia Muginsky strip mine
1986-2000 10.0 Tunguisky strip mine
1982-1998 6.0 Kharanorsky strip mine
1984-1999 6.0 Far East Urgalskoye 1994-1998 1.0 Yerkovetsky strip mine
1986-1999 4.5 Luchegorsky-2 strip mine
1991-1998 1.5 Small strip mines
1994-1998 1.8 Solntsevsky strip mine
1995-2000 0.65 In common with much of Russian industry, the mining sector is desperate for investment.
What do you do with weed-covered landfills, abandoned strip mines
, streambanks denuded by overgrazing, timberlands planted with the wrong trees, lowlands drained for growing crops?