strong interactions

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Related to strong interactions: nuclear forces, Residual strong interaction

strong interactions,

actions between elementary particleselementary particles,
the most basic physical constituents of the universe. Basic Constituents of Matter

Molecules are built up from the atom, which is the basic unit of any chemical element. The atom in turn is made from the proton, neutron, and electron.
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 mediated, or carried, by gluons. They are responsible for the binding of protons and neutrons in the nucleusnucleus,
in physics, the extremely dense central core of an atom. The Nature of the Nucleus

Atomic nuclei are composed of two types of particles, protons and neutrons, which are collectively known as nucleons.
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 and interactions between quarks. Quantum field theoryquantum field theory,
study of the quantum mechanical interaction of elementary particles and fields. Quantum field theory applied to the understanding of electromagnetism is called quantum electrodynamics (QED), and it has proved spectacularly successful in describing the
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 applied to the understanding of these strong interactions is called quantum chromodynamicsquantum chromodynamics
(QCD), quantum field theory that describes the properties of the strong interactions between quarks and between protons and neutrons in the framework of quantum theory.
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 (QCD). Strong interactions are one of four fundamental interactions in nature, the others being gravitationgravitation,
the attractive force existing between any two particles of matter. The Law of Universal Gravitation

Since the gravitational force is experienced by all matter in the universe, from the largest galaxies down to the smallest particles, it is often called
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, electromagnetism, and the weak interactionsweak interactions,
actions between elementary particles mediated, or carried, by W and Z particles and that are responsible for nuclear decay. Weak interactions are one of four fundamental interactions in nature, the others being gravitation, electromagnetism, and the strong interactions.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The formation of such bidentate complexes appears to be critical for strong interactions with the PEO.
They are located relatively near the organic linkers, which means the site has strong interaction with the organic linkers rather than the AlO4(OH)2 octahedra.
Hence, strong interactions consume most of the original mass of quarks.
The deviations from ideality of those mixtures reflect precisely the strong interactions that cause the formation of the associated species.
This means that in the given approximation one cannot obtain experimental restriction on the strong interaction dependent parts of the radiative corrections.
Adjusting the field can step up the attractions' intensities, transforming them into strong interactions.
Since there are no bromine groups present in IMS, the strong interactions between BIMS and CB could be attributed to the chemical interactions between the benzylic bromine in BIMS and the surface functional groups of CB particles.
Generally, the essays are well-written and evince thorough and up-to-date research that recognizes strong interactions between the peoples of the Middle East and their surrounding environment.
Among other things, this analysis indicates that, with increasing web size (species number), numbers of both strong interactions and indirect effects per species increase.
Being in strong interactions with 3D IC equipments, materials and chip makers, we have carefully developed among time an intuitive Cost of Ownership (CoO) tool model specifically designed to evaluate the cost of a given TSV process flow.
Strong interactions with theory throughout this project will provide insights to refine and improve the experiments.
These strong interactions lead to the formation of salt ion hydrates.