Foden, "Properties of fiber reinforced structural lightweight concrete," ACI Structural Journal, vol.
 ASTM C567/C567M-14, "Standard test method for determining density of structural lightweight concrete," ASTM International, 2014.
Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Structural Lightweight Concrete
. ACI Committee 211.
With a bulk density below 1000 kg/[m.sub.3], metakaolin ALWA is eligible for use as lightweight artificial aggregate in the manufacture of structural lightweight concrete
Equations for mix design of structural lightweight concrete
, European Journal of Scientific Research 31(1): 132-141.
(ii) Structural lightweight concrete
type 23 (LWC_LSDur-23)
Structural lightweight concrete
(LWC) is typically defined as concrete with an oven-dry density less than 2000 kg/[m.sup.3] .
The results of all these tests were then compared with the ASTM standard values which showed the suitability of these slates for use as structural lightweight concrete
In the case of tested structural lightweight concrete
applied steel fibres, in amount of up to [V.sub.f] = 0.8% by concrete volume (60 kg/m), reduced swelling as well as final shrinkage (up to 25%) and significantly improved both flexural and splitting tensile strength (up to 61% and 73%, respectively).
Selection of such aggregates has been investigated by a number of researchers for the very long time and stated the approximate compostion of materials for structural lightweight concrete
According to ACI 213 (1999), lightweight concrete can be classified into three, low density concrete (LDC), Moderate strength concrete (MDC), and structural lightweight concrete
(SLWC) as shown in Table 1.
 ASTM C567, Standard Test Method For Determining Density of Structural Lightweight Concrete
, American Society for Testing and Materials, 2005.