structural-functionalism

structural-functionalism

  1. theoretical approaches in which societies are conceptualized as SOCIAL SYSTEMS, and particular features of SOCIAL STRUCTURES are explained in terms of their contribution to the maintenance of these systems, e.g. religious ritual explained in terms of the contribution it makes to social integration. As such, structural-functionalism can be seen as an alternative general term for FUNCTIONALISM. See also FUNCTION, FUNCTIONALIST) EXPLANATION.
  2. (more specifically) the particular form of functional analysis associated with Talcott PARSONS, often distinguished from ‘functionalism’ in general, as 'structural-functionalism’. Sometimes the work of the modern functionalist school in SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, including RADCLIFFE-BROWN and MALINOWSKI, is also referred to by this term.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the contrary, he consistently traces the fault lines among Yaquis as they confronted the Spaniards, a major contribution to the anthropological literature on the Yoemem, which largely mirrors the structural-functionalism of Spicer's classic works.
Structural-functionalism had been the dominant theoretical perspective in all of sociology, including health sociology in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Zambia was among the first countries where the limits of structural-functionalism were transcended by recognizing wider political-economic processes beyond the village and by introducing novel methods to capture that complexity, such as situational analysis, social drama and the extended-case method (van Velsen 1967; Werbner 1984).
At first, we would like to point out that the article, as you might have noticed, is just a brief attempt to establish a history of ideas of the Social Sciences, especially of Social Anthropology, in order to suggest a difference in the object that we thought has not been highlighted with the due emphasis by the historiographical tradition that focuses on the theme of structural-functionalism or systems theory, which is the problem of dynamics and social change.
However, structural-functionalism, with its emphasis on value consensus, social order, stability, and functional processes at the macro-level of society, had a short-lived period as the leading theoretical paradigm in health sociology.
Diverting further from tautological structural-functionalism, Aspers describes the formation of the rules of the market both in organized coordination and in spontaneous (symbolic) interaction.
The authors detail the weaknesses implicit in these research methods, keenly attributing these methods to the Chicago School, structural-functionalism, and elite clientelism.
Here, Boltanksi claims to inverse "classic historiography," but the framework of Mousnier's structural-functionalism undergirds this study's model of clientelism.
In his writings on Aboriginal religion and a small number of other papers written in the 1950s and 1960s Stanner attempted to develop a theoretical approach that could take account of human agency in a way that structural-functionalism could not (see Stanner 1963, 1967, 1985).
If the main ways of looking at Israel in the past few decades involved structural-functionalism and later conflict theories, this book represents what is still a rather minority view and that is of looking at Israel in cultural terms.
is particularly disturbed by what he calls the structural-functionalism of mainstream American writing on the Philippines, which places the blame for Philippine problems on ahistorical attributes of culture and kinship without regard for the historical process by which these patterns emerged.
45) Although Fortes intended this as a tribute, the reference to "no living scholar" is telling since by 1949 Malinowski was dead and the field of social anthropology had made a decisive turn toward the structural-functionalism of Radcliffe-Brown.