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a person enrolled in a higher educational institution or, in some countries, in a secondary school. In ancient Rome and in the Middle Ages, any person engaged in the acquisition of knowledge was called a student. The term was used for all who attended the universities when these were first established in the 12th century, and originally the instructors were called students as well; with the introduction of academic titles, such as magister and professor, the designation was restricted to actual students.
In the USSR a student is a person studying at a higher educational institution; at a specialized secondary educational institution, the student is called an uchashchiisia (“learner”), at a military school, a kursant (“course attender”), and at a military academy, a slushatel’ (“listener”).
In the United States, Great Britain, and several other countries, the term “students” includes those studying at colleges.