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in zoology, organ found in bees, many wasps, some ants, and in scorpions and sting rays, used defensively as well as to kill or paralyze prey. In the bee and the wasp the venomvenom
or zootoxin,
any of a variety of poisonous substances produced by animals. In poisonous snakes, venom is secreted in two poison glands, one on each side of the upper jaw, and enters the fang by a duct.
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 is produced by glands associated with the ovipositor (egg-laying organ) of the female. As symptoms differ, it is assumed that the venom of each species of insect probably has slightly different chemical properties. The bee's "acid gland" produces histamine and proteinlike substances that are extremely dangerous to persons with specific allergies to them. Adrenaline injections may be lifesaving in such cases. In the honeybee the sting is a minute needle with tiny serrated edges, the teeth of which point backward. This makes it hard for the insect to pull the organ loose and often results in the fatal loss of the sting, the poison gland, and part of the intestine. Hornets, yellow jackets, and other wasps have sharp, smooth stings that can be used repeatedly. A few ants produce formic acid as a venom. The scorpion kills its prey with poison injected by a curved spine at the tip of its tail; the wound is painful to human adults and may be fatal to children. Strictly speaking, spiders bite rather than sting, since they inject their venom by means of fanglike cheliceras. Coelenterates, e.g., the hydra, jellyfish, and certain corals, are equipped with stinging capsules (nematocysts) consisting of a trigger mechanism that, when stimulated, raises the hydrostatic pressure of the cell so that hollow venom-bearing threads are ejected with enough force to pierce the prey. The larger coelenterates, e.g., the Portuguese man-of-war and Cyanea, are dangerous to man. The stingrays, or stingarees, have long whiplike tails bearing one to three sharply toothed, bony, poisonous stingers capable of inflicting painful wounds.


1. a skin wound caused by the poison injected by certain insects or plants
2. pain caused by or as if by the sting of a plant or animal
3. a sharp pointed organ, such as the ovipositor of a wasp, by which poison can be injected into the prey
4. Slang a trap set up by the police to entice a person to commit a crime and thereby produce evidence


A parallel dialect of Scheme intended to serve as a high-level operating system for symbolic programming languages. First-class threads and processors and customisable scheduling policies.

E-mail: <>.

["A Customizable Substrate for Concurrent Languages", S. Jagannathan et al, ACM SIGPLAN Notices, 1992].
References in periodicals archive ?
If you are stung, get out of the water and stay still while someone removes any tentacles with a gloved hand or stick.
Michael Smith, Cornell University, has found that the worst place to be stung by a bee would be in the nostril, the Mirror reported.
If you see someone get stung on a British beach hold an ice pack or cold compress against the skin for 10 minutes to relieve pain and swelling, and if possible raise the affected part of the body.
If people have been stung, they need to get out of the water to avoid getting stung again.
It was the seventh time I had been stung but the only time
For those with insect sting allergies, it is imperative to be prepared and have a game plan if stung because reactions can be quite serious.
Follow-up interviews revealed that nearly half of the participants had been stung again between 1987 and 1999.
A person would need to be stung about 10 times per pound of body weight before it became fatal.
In this novel by the editor of Analog, Lester Ordway, while walking in a public garden, is stung by a unique insect he cannot identify.
Over the last twelve years, I have turned to plantain many times--when my child, my friends, and myself have been stung.
Anthony McGuire, 49, collapsed gasping for breath and died within five minutes of being stung on the arm as he cooked breakfast.