primarily by the long-range elastic stresses associated with the dislocation and subgrain
structure that was formed during plastic deformation.
The fitting procedures have led to the following nonlinear functional interrelationship between the alloy grain, subgrain
, and substructure size (GS, SGS, and SSS, respectively), as a dependent variable, and N and P, as influential independent variables.
Throughout the profile, the quartz grains show no undulose extinction or subgrain
According to misori-entation distribution maps and subgrain
rotation behaviors, the reliability of mixed solder joints was much poorer than that of Pb-free solder joints.
In some cases, the crystal is affected by disadvantageous growth conditions, which may lead to subgrain
tilting and boundary elimination and yield high-angle boundaries between subgrains
Since crystals record changes occurring in the environment in which they grow (e.g., [7,11-15]), isotopic investigations at grain and subgrain
scales on rock-forming minerals provide information on mineral-whole rock equilibria that constrain the magmatic processes occurring during magma evolution (e.g., mixing, mingling, crystals recycling, crustal contamination, or metasomatism).
It is apparent that the grains are finely subdivided into subgrain
after one pass .
The high concentration of the nonequilibrium defects (dislocations and subgrain
boundaries) that are induced by plastic deformation may decrease the activation energy of diffusion and act as fast atomic transfer channels as well.
The rocks present undulose extinction, deformation twinning, and evidence of dynamic recrystallization processes, including grain boundary migration, subgrain
rotation recrystallization in quartz and plagioclase, and stylolitic surfaces in calcite.