subjunctive


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Related to subjunctive: Present Subjunctive

subjunctive mood

The subjunctive mood refers to verbs that are used to describe hypothetical or non-real actions, events, or situations. This is in comparison to the indicative mood, which is used to express factual, non-hypothetical information.
We most commonly use the subjunctive mood to express desires or wishes; to express commands, suggestions, requests, or statements of necessity; or to describe hypothetical outcomes that depend on certain conditions.
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subjunctive:

see moodmood
or mode,
in verb inflection, the forms of a verb that indicate its manner of doing or being. In English the forms are called indicative (for direct statement or question or to express an uncertain condition, e.g.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The major development involved the loss of morphological mood and as a consequence the grammaticalization of the conjunction hina to the subjunctive particle na, which eventually became the element that realized this MOOD functional category.
But the verb is subjunctive, and the construction is heavy.
Regarding the modal means used in conditional protases, in Old English, the verb may occur both in the subjunctive and in the indicative (Visser 1966: [section] 880), with the latter being the more common mood (cf.
If the subjunctive mood is required, write the appropriate form (be or were) on the line.
habbap libbap secgap hycgap Present subjunctive sg haebbe libbe secge hycge pl.
Several authors have shown that the subjunctive mood leads people to think in terms of dual possibilities, while the indicative mood leads people to consider just one possibility (Byrne, 2005; Santamaria, Espino, & Byrne, 2005).
In the article "Three types of conditionals in English and Portuguese", Gomes (2008) analyses temporal choice in Portuguese conditionals, focusing on the alternation between the present of the indicative and the future of the subjunctive in conditional protases.
It is possible to assume that a similar situation took place in the course of the history of English, except that the forms of the preterite subjunctive in the present context and the forms of the preterite indicative started to overlap (2).
Given the continuing existence of mood differentiation (albeit in the process of extinction) in Middle English, and considering that our corpus belongs to the very end of this period, indicative and subjunctive uses in our past be forms were quantified.
This isn't what languages are - you don't see many five-year-olds with a grammar textbook in hand, worrying about subjunctive clauses or past participles
They probably haven't forgotten but rather never knew of the subjunctive.
Thanks to half a century of the loony left in education we have a population in which all but the oldest - university graduates not excluded - can't tot up the shopping bill and work out the change without a calculator, can't spell, don't know where to use and where not to use an apostrophe, how to construct a sentence that means what it is intended to mean or the difference between "due to" and "owing to" and between "under way" and "underway", and probably haven't forgotten but rather never knew of the subjunctive.