The pluperfect and the perfect subjunctive
employ the past participle ([section]4.10.1) with the past and subjunctive
of 'be' (Table 6) respectively, as in bevord bena "they had taken away," vaget bam"'I may have picked up," mo ke baresima u base be "he had gone when I arrived," age u base bo ma.lum bune "should he be gone, it will be known."
(5) This rise may be explained by the fact that after the Middle English period, during which the subjunctive
was particularly common in conditional protases in Northern Middle English (Fischer 1992: 349-350), the indicative gradually became more frequent in Modern English (Visser 1966: [section]880) and modal periphrasis was an alternative (Rissanen 1999: 308) to the subjunctive
and the indicative.
In any instance of subjunctive
world making there is a component of doing, of physical action, attached to the creation of the "as-if" reality.
Our claim is based on the fact that a menos que and a no ser que require the subjunctive
mood, while excepto si and salvo si require the indicative mood.
Also, it is reasonable to assume that subjunctive
forms began to die out for pragmatic reasons.
Given the continuing existence of mood differentiation (albeit in the process of extinction) in Middle English, and considering that our corpus belongs to the very end of this period, indicative and subjunctive
uses in our past be forms were quantified.
In the speech of one informant, the subjunctive
suffix was constantly realised [ty].
Displacement to the subjunctive
spares the public's feelings.
Some scholars have been explicitly cautious about writing history in the subjunctive
. Hans Hillerbrand, for one, has had some fun (or at least his readers have had fun) with a typical subjunctive
possibility over the years.
He feels able to honour both the facts, and his storytelling duty, by utilising the subjunctive
mood: 'Suppose he'd ...' and hence produces 'sublime speculations' on what Mason's letters may contain (720-1).
Its existence is subjunctive
. As we wrest anachronism away from the historical to the temporal, Paul de Man's "The Rhetoric of Temporality" will provide not only a forceful propaedeutic, but also a foundation for further inquiry into the nature of autobiography.