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subjunctive mood

The subjunctive mood refers to verbs that are used to describe hypothetical or non-real actions, events, or situations. This is in comparison to the indicative mood, which is used to express factual, non-hypothetical information.
We most commonly use the subjunctive mood to express desires or wishes; to express commands, suggestions, requests, or statements of necessity; or to describe hypothetical outcomes that depend on certain conditions.
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see moodmood
or mode,
in verb inflection, the forms of a verb that indicate its manner of doing or being. In English the forms are called indicative (for direct statement or question or to express an uncertain condition, e.g.
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References in periodicals archive ?
There are other non-finites that retain more of the properties associated with finites than the English subjunctives do.
Since the Tocharian PP is obviously cognate in its reduplication and endings with the perfect participle of the classical IE languages, the task is to explain how it came to be paired semantically with the preterite, which continues the PIE aorist--while the (proto-)perfect with *o ~ *[empty set] ablaut became one of the sources of the Tocharian subjunctive. (6) Saito largely ignores the latter in his discussion and, like most other scholars, assumes that the (post-)PIE aorist and perfect merged functionally in Tocharian, as in many other IE languages (pp.
This week our Spanish class has been struggling with the subjunctive.
First, a systematic comparison of the usage of the desiderative with the uses of the moods that might seem partially to overlap it, namely the subjunctive and the optative.
Some of the latter forms may represent subjunctives.(11) For instance, jahghananta (RV 1.88.2d) is likely to be a subjunctive (cf.
For the other subordinators the coverage is, not surprisingly, less thorough, but all examples with optatives and subjunctives seem to have been examined.
The footnote in Okin's and Morgan's editions goes one step further, offering a nuanced observation to help us appreciate how sly Mill is: "By using the present est instead of the subjunctive sit, Mill misquotes Bacon, thereby making a more pejorative judgment of the views of the many." (11) This part of the note is bizarre, because it shows that whoever is responsible for this bit of editorial sophistication knows at least enough Latin to distinguish the indicative and subjunctive forms of the present tense of esse, 'to be,' but not enough to spot the mistaken translation.
Given his hostility to intensional locutions, it is not surprising that Quine was suspicious of the subjunctive conditional.
Hence, the subjunctive applies suitably for those on the periphery.
(i) Consider the subjunctive conditional "If it were the case that p, then it would be the case that q" (p [unkeyable] q).