Carpenter (2012) has discussed the evidence for this parallel functioning, as in the relation between psi and subliminal perception
(Schmeidler, 1988), psi and long-term memory (Irwin, 1979), and psi and creative processes (e.g..
, then, occurs when a stimulus is too weak to be perceived, yet a person is influenced by it.
Hence, it would be interesting to investigate if any subliminal perception
can take place under these conditions.
With subliminal perception
, the latter unifies what the subject has not guessed about the existence of the meanings which he does not recognise.
In his review of subliminal perception
, subliminal advertising, subaudible messages, and embedded stimuli, Moore stated that although subliminal perception
does exist, the subliminal stimuli are usually so weak that potential effects are easily nullified by other competing stimuli.
In the pro-ESP version, an ESP task was disguised as a subliminal perception
task, but in fact no targets were projected subliminally.
is perception of stimuli below the level of awareness, below the conscious threshold; response to stimulation that is too weak or too rapid to be consciously reported (Dixon, 1971; Bevan, 1984).
His popular books, personal presentations, and television appearances have promoted the terminology and concepts of subliminal perception
in general and subliminal advertising in particular.
Research on subliminal perception
can be ethically problematic because it involves some degree of manipulation that bypasses the participant's volitional control.
Extrasensory Perception and Subliminal Perception
as Correlated Capacities
Psychologists studying subliminal perception
, or "perception without awareness" (PWA), as is preferred today (Bornstein & Pittman, 1992), added the preconscious step B to the cognitive account.