In Pakistan, where court proceedings get delayed for non-service of notice, Facebook may be used as a substitute mode
of service for those who avoid the court process.
Three models in Table 5 explain non-user perception of the substitute mode of paratransit.
quality of service, quality of car, quality of driver, and fare, and three substitute modes i.e.
In this study, the authors examine how various factors, such as security screening times, travel times, and costs of substitute modes
(automobile) as well as low-cost carrier competition, impact passenger demand in short-haul and long-haul US domestic route markets.