Substitution

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Related to substitutional: substitutional impurity, Substitutional alloy

substitution

[‚səb·stə′tü·shən]
(psychology)
A defense mechanism whereby an unattainable or unacceptable goal, emotion, or object is replaced by one that is more attainable or acceptable.

Substitution

A material or process offered in lieu of, and equivalent to, the specified material or process.

Substitution

 

(law), in a will, the naming of a second heir, called a substitute heir. In Soviet law—for example, in Article 536 of the Civil Code of the RSFSR—a substitute heir can accede to an inheritance only if the first heir dies before the opening of the inheritance or does not accept the inheritance. In several other socialist countries, such as Hungary and Poland, legislation provides for substitution. In Poland, the law of inheritance allows substitution not only with respect to an heir ex testamento but also with respect to an heir ab intestato (art. 963 of the Civil Code).

substitution

A material or process offered in lieu of, and as being equivalent to, a specified material or process.

Substitution

Arsinoë
put her own son in place of Orestes; her son was killed and Orestes was saved. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 32]
Barabbas
robber freed in Christ’s stead. [N.T.: Matthew 27:15–18; Swed. Lit.: Barabbas]
Canty, Tom
young beggar takes to throne in prince’s stead. [Am. Lit.: The Prince and the Pauper]
Edward, Prince of Wales
kingling becomes urchin in clothing exchange. [Am. Lit.: The Prince and the Pauper]
George, Tobey
after Marcus’s death, replaces him in his family. [Am. Lit.: The Human Comedy]
Hagar
thinking herself barren, Sarah offers slave to Abraham. [O.T.: Genesis 16:1–4]
Leah
deceptively substituted for Rachel in Jacob’s bed. [O.T.: Genesis 29:22–25]
whipping boy
surrogate sufferer for delinquent prince. [Eur. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 942]
References in periodicals archive ?
Given that the substitutional theory fell on the problem of "proxying" uncountable totalities while maintaining the unrestricted variable over a countable domain, and given that in ML Russell avoids this problem by rejecting the unrestricted variable, it would seem surprising, if Landini's interpretation were correct, that there is not more explicit discussion in PM as to how uncountable totalities are to be "proxied" via countably many open sentences.
Most likely, this is related to N incorporation in the films as we will discuss in the next section for substitutional N on an O site.
But it shows, I think, that the journey via substitutional quantification is something of a detour.
After rapid quenching by melt-spinning, all samples exhibited hexagonal P6/mmm structure regardless of the Gd/Ca ratio, which implies good substitutional solid solubility of Ca and Gd in the system with 83.3 at.% of Cu.
It can be seen from the structures that S atom substituting Ti atom at [Ti.sub.5C] site (see Figure 2(d)) and C substituting O atom at [O.sub.2C] site (see Figure 2(b)) do not lead significant lattice distortion, while substitutional S atom at [O.sub.2C] site extends upwards and tends to leave the surface (see Figure 2(a)) and substitutional C atom at [Ti.sub.5C] site seems to be attracted by O atoms at [O.sub.2C] and [O.sub.3C] site strongly (see Figure 2(e)), forming two short C-O bond with distance of 1.360 and 1.387 [Angstrom], which is consistent with [6].
One such generalized form of (T) employs a universal substitutional quantifier:
Whether we adopt the substitutional or the standard approach to quantification in logical semantics, to get the truth table of a universally quantified conditional we must review all possible examples within the universe of discourse (substitutional semantics is generally attributed to Wittgenstein, 1922, though he later abandoned it; reviews of standard semantics can be found in Hodges, 1983; Martin, 1987).
The static c/a ratio across the system indicates a uniform cell contraction, suggesting that the substitutional Fe assumes the 4d site in [Mn.sub.5-x][Fe.sub.x][Ge.sub.3].
Gu, "Effect of substitutional atoms in the tip on field-emission properties of capped carbon nanotubes," Applied Physics Letters, vol.
In their studies, it was verified that the substitutional doping with nitrogen was more effective to decrease the energy band gap of the Ti[O.sub.2] due to the insertion of [N.sub.2]p states above the top of valence band.
Pension settlement gain resulted from transfer of the substitutional portion of our Japanese pension plan to the government.
Thus, we hypothesize a substitutional relation between the volume of offline communication and online communication, at the community level.