Substitution

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substitution

[‚səb·stə′tü·shən]
(psychology)
A defense mechanism whereby an unattainable or unacceptable goal, emotion, or object is replaced by one that is more attainable or acceptable.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Substitution

A material or process offered in lieu of, and equivalent to, the specified material or process.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Substitution

 

(law), in a will, the naming of a second heir, called a substitute heir. In Soviet law—for example, in Article 536 of the Civil Code of the RSFSR—a substitute heir can accede to an inheritance only if the first heir dies before the opening of the inheritance or does not accept the inheritance. In several other socialist countries, such as Hungary and Poland, legislation provides for substitution. In Poland, the law of inheritance allows substitution not only with respect to an heir ex testamento but also with respect to an heir ab intestato (art. 963 of the Civil Code).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

substitution

A material or process offered in lieu of, and as being equivalent to, a specified material or process.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Substitution

Arsinoë
put her own son in place of Orestes; her son was killed and Orestes was saved. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 32]
Barabbas
robber freed in Christ’s stead. [N.T.: Matthew 27:15–18; Swed. Lit.: Barabbas]
Canty, Tom
young beggar takes to throne in prince’s stead. [Am. Lit.: The Prince and the Pauper]
Edward, Prince of Wales
kingling becomes urchin in clothing exchange. [Am. Lit.: The Prince and the Pauper]
George, Tobey
after Marcus’s death, replaces him in his family. [Am. Lit.: The Human Comedy]
Hagar
thinking herself barren, Sarah offers slave to Abraham. [O.T.: Genesis 16:1–4]
Leah
deceptively substituted for Rachel in Jacob’s bed. [O.T.: Genesis 29:22–25]
whipping boy
surrogate sufferer for delinquent prince. [Eur. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 942]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These findings suggest that N atoms would not chemically react to produce new crystalline structures, such as TiN, but are rather incorporated interstitially and substitutionally into the Ti[O.sub.2] structure [15].
In tackling the problem of formulating a theory, deflationists tend to avoid using the substitutionally quantified formulation:
In this work, we present preparation of [Ga.sup.3+] substitutionally doped titania, nanostructured materials with high photocatalytic activity, obtained by homogeneous hydrolysis of TiOS[O.sub.4] and Ga[(N[O.sub.3]).sub.3] with urea.