Substitution

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substitution

[‚səb·stə′tü·shən]
(psychology)
A defense mechanism whereby an unattainable or unacceptable goal, emotion, or object is replaced by one that is more attainable or acceptable.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Substitution

A material or process offered in lieu of, and equivalent to, the specified material or process.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Substitution

 

(law), in a will, the naming of a second heir, called a substitute heir. In Soviet law—for example, in Article 536 of the Civil Code of the RSFSR—a substitute heir can accede to an inheritance only if the first heir dies before the opening of the inheritance or does not accept the inheritance. In several other socialist countries, such as Hungary and Poland, legislation provides for substitution. In Poland, the law of inheritance allows substitution not only with respect to an heir ex testamento but also with respect to an heir ab intestato (art. 963 of the Civil Code).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

substitution

A material or process offered in lieu of, and as being equivalent to, a specified material or process.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Substitution

Arsinoë
put her own son in place of Orestes; her son was killed and Orestes was saved. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 32]
Barabbas
robber freed in Christ’s stead. [N.T.: Matthew 27:15–18; Swed. Lit.: Barabbas]
Canty, Tom
young beggar takes to throne in prince’s stead. [Am. Lit.: The Prince and the Pauper]
Edward, Prince of Wales
kingling becomes urchin in clothing exchange. [Am. Lit.: The Prince and the Pauper]
George, Tobey
after Marcus’s death, replaces him in his family. [Am. Lit.: The Human Comedy]
Hagar
thinking herself barren, Sarah offers slave to Abraham. [O.T.: Genesis 16:1–4]
Leah
deceptively substituted for Rachel in Jacob’s bed. [O.T.: Genesis 29:22–25]
whipping boy
surrogate sufferer for delinquent prince. [Eur. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 942]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This strikes me as more a deep desire to help the woman he loved and who was in so much pain...I never found any evidence that Lewis advocated or at other times practiced 'substitutionary prayer'" (E-mail to author, October 3, 2013).
(4) However, after interrogating the true basis for the 'market rule' of assessment, it is concluded that Gageler J's reasoning cannot be supported because it ignores the critical distinction between substitutionary and compensatory money awards in this context.
Finally, Milton explains how the Arian Christ which Chaplin finds inimical to substitutionary atonement effects precisely just such an atonement that for most of Milton's contemporaries required full Godhead.
Taxes on gambling activities should also be lower if they have complementary effects on other industries, and higher if they have substitutionary effects.
That's why he believes penal substitutionary atonement is essential.
(2000), the substitutionary relationship tends to take place if horizontal OFDI occurs between countries that are similar in terms of relative endowments and size and when trade costs are moderate to high.
Laycock's thesis is that the fundamental choice is between substitutionary and specific remedies, not law and equity.
performance (the value of which is $1000) or to the substitutionary
At the end, they suggested a few codified plans for reviving the region to be accomplished with the legal requisites and substitutionary policies.
Vicarious substitutionary atonement means that Christ dies "in our place." Again we are faced with the implications of Rom.
According to Austin, the usual model views authority as substitutionary, needed only when things are not going well.
Within a generation of Jesus' death, substitutionary atonement appeared as a possible explanation.