Substitution

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substitution

[‚səb·stə′tü·shən]
(psychology)
A defense mechanism whereby an unattainable or unacceptable goal, emotion, or object is replaced by one that is more attainable or acceptable.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Substitution

A material or process offered in lieu of, and equivalent to, the specified material or process.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Substitution

 

(law), in a will, the naming of a second heir, called a substitute heir. In Soviet law—for example, in Article 536 of the Civil Code of the RSFSR—a substitute heir can accede to an inheritance only if the first heir dies before the opening of the inheritance or does not accept the inheritance. In several other socialist countries, such as Hungary and Poland, legislation provides for substitution. In Poland, the law of inheritance allows substitution not only with respect to an heir ex testamento but also with respect to an heir ab intestato (art. 963 of the Civil Code).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

substitution

A material or process offered in lieu of, and as being equivalent to, a specified material or process.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Substitution

Arsinoë
put her own son in place of Orestes; her son was killed and Orestes was saved. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 32]
Barabbas
robber freed in Christ’s stead. [N.T.: Matthew 27:15–18; Swed. Lit.: Barabbas]
Canty, Tom
young beggar takes to throne in prince’s stead. [Am. Lit.: The Prince and the Pauper]
Edward, Prince of Wales
kingling becomes urchin in clothing exchange. [Am. Lit.: The Prince and the Pauper]
George, Tobey
after Marcus’s death, replaces him in his family. [Am. Lit.: The Human Comedy]
Hagar
thinking herself barren, Sarah offers slave to Abraham. [O.T.: Genesis 16:1–4]
Leah
deceptively substituted for Rachel in Jacob’s bed. [O.T.: Genesis 29:22–25]
whipping boy
surrogate sufferer for delinquent prince. [Eur. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 942]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Questions on Cardema and his age were raised after the NYC chair pushed for his substitution as a nominee for Duterte Youth party-list.
Jimenez said Cardema filed his petition for substitution on May 16 or after the elections.
During the championships, 737 player substitutions were made (a mean of 5.71 per match) and 511 goals were scored (a mean of 3.95 per match) while in the national cups, there were 721 substitutions (a mean of 5.58 per match) and 390 goals scored (a mean of 3.01 per match).
Around a quarter of Premier League games see substitutions made after the 90-minute mark, and Ifab's view is they are virtually always time-wasting tactics.
The post Football lawmakers to propose end of time-wasting substitutions appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
UEFA have announced that teams will be allowed an extra substitution if Champions League matches go into extratime next season.
Chiodi et al., "Pretreatment hepatitis C virus NS5A/NS5B resistance-associated substitutions in genotype 1 Uruguayan infected patients," Disease Markers, vol.
Last year Armagh were granted a replay following their qualifier defeat to Laois when Laois introduced a seventh substitution in the final minute of their qualifier game in Portlaoise.
Some of the laws also call for pharmacists and physicians to keep multiyear records of substitutions; for pharmacists who make substitutions to receive immunity; for states to maintain a public or web-based list of permissible interchangeable products; and for pharmacists to explain the cost or price of the biologic.
It is possible to create substitutions with fivefold or sevenfold symmetry by hand, putting families of tiles together to form larger copies of themselves, but for higher orders of symmetry the scale becomes too large for this method to work.
For this study, Professor Derek Smith from the University of Cambridge, one of the two leaders of the research, together with Professor Ron Fouchier from Erasmus Medical Center in The Netherlands created viruses which had a variety of amino acid substitutions as well as different combinations of amino acid substitutions.
The strength of selection pressure is determined on the basis of the ratio of non-synonymous (dN) to synonymous (dS) substitutions per site (ratio: dN/dS).