sudden infant death syndrome

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Related to sudden infant death syndrome: shaken baby syndrome

sudden infant death syndrome

(SIDS) or

crib death,

sudden, unexpected, and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age (usually between two weeks and eight months old). SIDS accounts for 10% of infant deaths and is the second highest cause of death (after accidents) in infancy. The risk is higher in males, in low-birth-weight infants, in lower socioeconomic levels, during cold months, and for babies who sleep face down.

Causal theories suggest that the infant may have immature or hypersensitive lungs, may have a defect in brain-stem control of breathing, or may be rebreathing carbon dioxide. Recent studies have shown persistent high levels of an infant form of hemoglobinhemoglobin
, respiratory protein found in the red blood cells (erythrocytes) of all vertebrates and some invertebrates. A hemoglobin molecule is composed of a protein group, known as globin, and four heme groups, each associated with an iron atom.
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 in babies with known risk factors for the condition.

SIDS victims are thought to have brief episodes of apnea (breathing stoppage) before the fatal one. An alarm system that detects breathing abnormalities is sometimes used with infants suspected of being prone to SIDS. The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that babies be laid to sleep on their backs or sides.

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sudden infant death syndrome

[′səd·ən ′in·fənt ¦deth ′sin‚drōm]
The sudden and unexpected death of an apparently normal infant that remains unexplained after the performance of an adequate autopsy. Abbreviated SIDS. Also known as crib death; sudden death syndrome.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nurses' and paediatricians' knowledge about infant sleeping positions and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome in Turkey.
Ethnic differences in infant-rearing practices and their possible relationship to the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Infant arousals during mother-infant bed sharing: Implications for infant sleep and sudden infant death syndrome research.
TABLE Home apnea monitoring: What the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends (3) Home apnea monitoring should not be routinely prescribed to prevent sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
"In my experience it is important that we offer support for families who have lost a child to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and our team has continued to remain in contact with the family.
"The factors contributing to the risk of sudden infant death syndrome," Hippokratia, Vol.15 (2), pp.127-31
They explained that fan use is no substitute for practices known to reduce the risk for sudden infant death syndrome, which include: always placing infants to sleep on their backs, putting infants to sleep on firm mattresses and avoiding soft bedding materials like comforters and quills, providing a separate sleep environment, preventing, infants from overheating, and not smoking around infants.
A young mother who lost a twin in pregnancy then had to go through the death of her surviving baby from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, an inquest heard yesterday.
of Pennsylvania, is an innovative program whose aim is to combat infant mortality resulting from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and accidental suffocation in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
* Secondhand smoke is a known cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), respiratory problems, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children.
An audit of the use of definitions of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Sir Roy Meadow, a distinguished pediatrician and expert in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome evidence, was struck off by the doctors' regulatory body after giving misleading statistical evidence that helped convict a mother of murdering her children.

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