suffix


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suffix

Suffixes are morphemes (specific groups of letters with particular semantic meaning) that are added onto the end of root words to change their meaning. Suffixes are one of the two predominant kinds of affixes—the other kind is prefixes, which come at the beginning of a root word.
There is a huge range of suffixes in English, which can be broadly categorized as either inflectional or derivational.
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suffix

A designation added to the end of a name. For example, ".com" is the suffix added to commercial domain names on the Internet. See TLD and Internet domain name.

Suffix

 

an affix added to the root of a word. Depending on their function, suffixes are derivational (word-forming) or relational (form-building).

In inflected languages, the relational suffix at the end of a word form is called the inflection, or ending. A word may contain several suffixes of both types. For example, the Russian adjective chita-tel’-sk-ii (“reader’s”) has two derivational suffixes (-tel’- and -sk-) and one relational suffix (-ii). Derivational suffixes are classified according to their lexical meaning; relational suffixes are classified according to their grammatical meaning.

References in periodicals archive ?
However, the subjects would hardly put the strong stress on final syllable in the stems with the suffix, ese or ade, which caused plenty of inaccurate stress placements.
The suffix '-nie' establishes an absolutely regular paradigm of verbal nouns.
The historical development of the suffix in Historical Grammar of Kazakh Language (Tomanov, 1981) gives the extension of meaning of -liy; -liq; -li derivational adjectives in some modern Turkic languages (in comparison with the Old Turkic language): the suffixes determine the meaning of belonging to a nation or place.
The fact that the suffix-ness (as, for instance, in cleverness (word pair 24)) has a much higher parsing ratio than -ity (as in equality (word pair 11) (see Table 2)), does not appear to affect the students' performance with these derivatives to a great extent, even though this difference in parsing ratios means that the students should have encountered the suffix-ness more often than the suffix -ity, since the former is decomposed more often than the latter.
ma/-ma (elama 'life' < ela- 'to live', kuolema 'death' < kuole- 'to die'); -in (avain 'key' < avaa- 'to open, to unlock'), -mus/-mys (vaatimus 'requirement' < vaati- 'to require') is the continuation of the *-m deverbal noun suffix.
On the other hand, for example, the suffix -sian only forms verbs.
We write w$s for the concatenation of w and s having a separator symbol $ not in alphabet A, and let r now be the the suffix array of w$s.
For Afghanistani Arabic Bruce Ingham (2006: 32) gives the following forms, some, it can be noted, with -an instead of -in, while the 1 and 2MPL forms are suffixed to the plural suffix -iin, rather than the intrusive -n.
The main goals of this paper can be summarized as follows: (1) We propose a new mathematical model for evaluating the performance of a heuristic with multi-byte suffix matching.
This section argues for the existence of the derivational suffix -bora as a result of the grammaticalization of the free form bora 'bearer'.
3]" domain suffix as far as the fast-track procedure is concerned, Bulgaria may still try the longer procedure, Borisov explained on Monday, as cited by the Bulgarian BGNES news agency.