suffix

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suffix

Suffixes are morphemes (specific groups of letters with particular semantic meaning) that are added onto the end of root words to change their meaning. Suffixes are one of the two predominant kinds of affixes—the other kind is prefixes, which come at the beginning of a root word.
There is a huge range of suffixes in English, which can be broadly categorized as either inflectional or derivational.
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suffix

A designation added to the end of a name. For example, ".com" is the suffix added to commercial domain names on the Internet. See TLD and Internet domain name.

Suffix

 

an affix added to the root of a word. Depending on their function, suffixes are derivational (word-forming) or relational (form-building).

In inflected languages, the relational suffix at the end of a word form is called the inflection, or ending. A word may contain several suffixes of both types. For example, the Russian adjective chita-tel’-sk-ii (“reader’s”) has two derivational suffixes (-tel’- and -sk-) and one relational suffix (-ii). Derivational suffixes are classified according to their lexical meaning; relational suffixes are classified according to their grammatical meaning.

References in periodicals archive ?
It is used as a test to identify suffixes that may only occur at the end of recursive derivation, no matter whether the base stage is suffixation or prefixation, and also to test the existence of closing suffixes, that is, affixes that allow for no further derivations.
As the data show, word-forming suffixation applies both to prefixed and suffixed words.
The following set includes the analysis of the words which contain double suffixation in the final and pre-final derivative steps.
The suffixes -maelum and -maest do not participate in processes of double suffixation, while, -an, -e, -lice, -um and -weard intervene in these processes in different ways.
Table 5 confirms that recategorisation is a feature proper of suffixation. As expected, no examples have been found where the attachment of a prefix causes a modification of the category of the input word.
Some points need to be highlighted: first, the need, justified by the different properties and rules operating upon them, to differentiate and treat independently the processes of prefixation and suffixation; and second the consideration of borderline cases (affixoids) as pure suffixes in view of their historical evolution, that has led to the loss of content meaning in all cases.