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Suffixes are morphemes (specific groups of letters with particular semantic meaning) that are added onto the end of root words to change their meaning. Suffixes are one of the two predominant kinds of affixes—the other kind is prefixes, which come at the beginning of a root word.
There is a huge range of suffixes in English, which can be broadly categorized as either inflectional or derivational.
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A designation added to the end of a name. For example, ".com" is the suffix added to commercial domain names on the Internet. See TLD and Internet domain name.



an affix added to the root of a word. Depending on their function, suffixes are derivational (word-forming) or relational (form-building).

In inflected languages, the relational suffix at the end of a word form is called the inflection, or ending. A word may contain several suffixes of both types. For example, the Russian adjective chita-tel’-sk-ii (“reader’s”) has two derivational suffixes (-tel’- and -sk-) and one relational suffix (-ii). Derivational suffixes are classified according to their lexical meaning; relational suffixes are classified according to their grammatical meaning.

References in periodicals archive ?
The claim is that many head-initial and head-final languages are exclusively suffixing, while head-final languages are overwhelmingly suffixing.
This gets us head-initial + prefixing and head-final + suffixing, but not head-initial + suffixing.
While the HOP reveals a relation between head order and direction of affixation, we still need to account for why suffixing is universally preferred over prefixing.