sultan


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sultan

1. the sovereign of a Muslim country, esp of the former Ottoman Empire
2. an arbitrary ruler; despot
3. a small domestic fowl with a white crest and heavily feathered legs and feet: originated in Turkey
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sultan

 

the title of a sovereign in Muslim countries. The title of sultan was used in Turkey until 1922, and in Morocco until 1957. Sultans ruled Egypt from the 13th to 16th centuries and from 1914 to 1922. The title is now held by major feudal lords in the Muslim countries of western Africa, by the rulers of Masqat and Oman, and by some tribal chiefs in southern Arabia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
"My father," answered Scheherazade, "it is you who have to provide the Sultan daily with a fresh wife, and I implore you, by all the affection you bear me, to allow the honour to fall upon me."
My father is going to take me to the palace to celebrate my marriage with the Sultan. When his Highness receives me, I shall beg him, as a last favour, to let you sleep in our chamber, so that I may have your company during the last night I am alive.
Though a father, I am also your subject." So the Sultan told the grand-vizir he might bring his daughter as soon as he liked.
She thanked her father warmly for yielding to her wishes, and, seeing him still bowed down with grief, told him that she hoped he would never repent having allowed her to marry the Sultan. Then she went to prepare herself for the marriage, and begged that her sister Dinarzade should be sent for to speak to her.
Had the sultan unluckily perished in the hands of his celestial physician?
In terms of architecture, it clarifies why the two principal areas of the palace -- its second court which was an administrative center, and the third court where the sultan himself resided, surrounded by his attendants -- were both originally composed of a series of discrete one-story units, each devoted to a particular function.
The arrival of Sultan Abdullah and Raja Permaisuri Agong Tunku Hajah Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah at the banquet was welcomed by the Sultan of Brunei, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah and his consort Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha.
by Times News Service Sheikh Khalid bin Sultan bin Mohamed Al Qasimi.
His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said on Sunday received the credentials of Hamish Cowell as extraordinary and plenipotentiary Ambassador of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Head of the Commonwealth accredited to Oman, at Bait al Barakah, on Sunday evening.
Kedah Mentri Besar Datuk Seri Mukhriz Tun Dr Mahathir heads a list of recipients of the state awards and medals in conjunction with the 77th birthday of the Sultan of Kedah Al Aminul Karim Sultan Sallehuddin Sultan Badlishah today.
Pahang's Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin and his wife KUALA LUMPUR, July 30 (KUNA) -- Pahang's Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin was installed as the 16th king of Malaysia on Tuesday, in a ceremony steeped in Malay royal customs and traditions, formally marking his five-year reign as the head of state.
Sheikh Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Supreme Council Member and Ruler of Sharjah, has sent a cable of condolences to the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia, on the death of Prince Bandar bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.