sumac


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Related to sumac: staghorn sumac, poison sumac

sumac

or

sumach

(sho͞o`măk, so͞o`–), common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap. The sap of certain of these plants—especially poison ivypoison ivy,
 poison oak,
and poison sumac,
woody vines and trailing or erect shrubs of the family Anacardiaceae (sumac family), native to North America.
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 and related species of the New World genus Toxicodendron—contains an essential oil that can cause dermatitis. In these and other species the sap is also a major source of tannin, e.g., the quebrachoquebracho
, name for a tanning substance and for the trees from which it comes, chiefly the red quebracho, or quebracho colorado (Schinopsis lorentzii), of the family Anacardiaceae (sumac family).
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 tree of Paraguay, the lacquerlacquer,
solution of film-forming materials, natural or synthetic, usually applied as an ornamental or protective coating. Quick-drying synthetic lacquers are used to coat automobiles, furniture, textiles, paper, and metalware.
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 tree of SE Asia, and the terebinthterebinth
or turpentine tree,
small deciduous tree (Pistacia terebinthus) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumac family), native to the Mediterranean region.
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 or turpentine tree and the masticmastic,
resin obtained from the small mastic tree Pistacia lentiscus (of the sumac family), found chiefly in Mediterranean countries. When the bark of the tree is injured, the resin exudes in drops. It is transparent and pale yellow to green in color.
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 trees of the Mediterranean area. The pistachiopistachio
, tree or shrub (of the genus Pistacia) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumac family). The species that yields the pistachio nut of commerce is P. vera, native to SW Asia.
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, cashewcashew
, tropical American tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumac family), valued chiefly for the cashew nut of commerce. The tree's acrid sap is used in making a varnish that protects woodwork and books from insects.
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, and mangomango
, evergreen tree of the Anacardiaceae (sumac family), native to tropical E Asia and now grown in both hemispheres. The chief species, Mangifera indica, is believed to have been cultivated for about 6,000 years. It was introduced into Brazil by Portuguese colonists.
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 provide important foods both for local consumption and for trade. The resin content is responsible for the acid taste of mango and cashew fruits and of the oil (sometimes extracted) in pistachio and cashew nuts. The true sumacs belong to the genus Rhus; some botanists include the poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac in that genus. Several species of sumacs are native to North America, usually in dry areas, and are noted for their brilliant autumn coloration. The common staghorn sumac (R. typhina) of the Eastern states is one of the species whose fruit is used in wine making and for medicinal purposes. Some sumacs—e.g., the Sicilian sumac (R. coriara) of S Europe—are cultivated for their tannin. Sumacs are also cultivated as ornamentals, e.g., the smoke tree (Cotinus coggygria) of S Eurasia, whose bark is sometimes used for a dye, and the pepper tree, or Peruvian mastic (Schinus molle), of the American tropics. The latter, with its drooping branches and red fruits, is a favorite avenue ornamental in S California; however, it is highly susceptible to black scale, a disease destructive to fruit trees, and hence must be destroyed in areas where there are citrus groves. Sumac is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.
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sumac

sumac

Fragrant bush up to 7ft tall, red hairy oily fruits, 3-leaf design, yellow flowers, red fuzzy berries. All parts edible and astringent. Fruit and leaves can be chewed for stomach ache, diabetes. Bark used for lung and urinary tract issues dysentery, diarrhea. Berries soaked in water makes lemonade, or mushed into porridge. Plant may irritate skin of some people.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
References in periodicals archive ?
Fruits of sumac were dried and methanol extract was prepared.
Pruritus is intense in all phases of the lesions and is a hallmark characteristic of poison ivy, oak, and sumac allergic dermatitis.
For example, in comparing the number of patches in sumac areas before and after control of the sumac population, there were proportionately fewer patches in sumac areas before shrub control was achieved.
Urushiol is found in the sap of poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac. It is a colorless or pale yellow oil that oozes from any cut or crushed part of the plant, including the roots, stems and leaves.
Remove from the grill and onto a serving plate, sprinkling with sumac or lemon juice.
Poison sumac grows as a small tree or large shrub, making it easier to spot than the other two urushiol-carrying poisonous plants.
INGREDIENTS (Serves two as a snack) 1tbsp olive oil 1 head of cauliflower, about 550g, divided into florets 100g unsalted butter 50g stale sourdough bread Handful of finely chopped flat leaf parsley 1 red chilli, diced 1tsp ground sumac (optional) METHOD 1.
4 Place the vinegar, olive oil and a sprinkle of sea salt and sumac into a jam jar.
Emma Donoghue's The Lotterys Plus One (9780545925815, $17.99) tells of Sumac, the fifth of seven kids in her large, chaotic family, who live in an old Victorian house.
Add the remaining herbs and season with sumac, salt and pepper.
Turkish kebabs are served the "well done" side of andana rest for a few minutes then serve with the garlic yoghurt and theroastedred onion dressed with the pomegranate molasses and sprinkled with sumac.
Sumac Forest Information Services took delivery of its Lancaster Hawkeye MK III over the Christmas holidays and began test flights of the vehicle produced by Precision Hawk of Toronto.