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(Russian, svodka), in statistics, the scientific processing of the raw data statistical agencies receive in the form of reports from socialist enterprises (seeREPORTING) and as a result of statistical surveys. The principal method used in summarization is grouping. The results of the summarization are presented in statistical tables. Summarization permits the systematization and generalization of information on all the units of observation considered. In addition, summarization makes it possible to obtain the composite indexes that are needed in planning and managing the national economy.

In Soviet statistics, the principles of Marxist-Leninist theory provide the scientific basis for summarization. V. I. Lenin called attention several times to the importance and complexity of the question of the methods used to summarize raw data (see Razvitie kapitalizma v Rossii [The Development of Capitalism in Russia], in Poln. sobr. sock, 5th ed., vol. 3, pp. 119, 120, and 140; “Kapitalisticheskii stroi sovremennogo zemledeliia” [The Capitalist System of Modern Agriculture], ibid., vol. 19, p. 326; and Novye dannye o zakonakh razvitiia kapitalizma v zemledelii [New Data on the Laws Governing the Development of Capitalism in Agriculture], ibid., vol. 27, pp. 182 and 190).

The bulk of the raw data is summarized at the computer stations and computer centers of the Central Statistical Board of the USSR. The organization of the summarization of statistical data will enter a qualitatively new stage with the creation of a national automated system for the collection and processing of information used in accounting, planning, and management in the national economy. A major functional link in this system will be an automated system of state statistics (see Materialy XXIV s”ezda KPSS [Materials of the Twenty-fourth Congress of the CPSU], 1972, p. 298).


References in periodicals archive ?
Because the results of this trial showed that the system could instantaneously summarize an article with the same high accuracy as when done by hand, The Shinano Mainichi Shimbun has now decided to deploy this system for actual operations.
Good bosses appreciate someone who takes the extra time to summarize. Start summarizing with phrases like: "Before we end this conversation" or "I want to make sure we are together on this."
Students can then be asked to summarize the material and submit it to the Twitter account.
Climate data provide longer temporal applicability, but remotely sensed data that summarize aspects of surface reflectance can provide finer spatial resolution, and may measure aspects of ecologic landscapes that climate parameters alone may not capture (40).
She not only summarizes her findings in tables and narrative form but also talks about the implications of her findings for librarians who make decisions about search engines for Web sites.
Summarize for small businesses can be downloaded from and is priced at under GBP30.
We are unanirnous that this volume is user-friendly, broadly summarizes an immense body of knowledge, and should become the intellectual travelling companion of any student or professional of the field of sedimentary geology.
* Chart interview requests--track requests daily/weekly/monthly depending on volume, and summarize the specific interviewees being requested.
Chapter 2 summarizes Dominici's biography and his activities as a preacher, writer, diplomat, and pedagogue.
In the book's opening chapter, the two editors summarize the key issues attending welfare reform, presenting their own views and supporting them with plausible arguments.
(2) Gives manufacturers, consumers, the analyst community, and the press results that are powerful and yet simple to use Test sponsors who advertise SPC-1 results are required to list only a few key comparative metrics that summarize the bottom-line performance of their subsystem.
These are difficult to summarize. Hepatitis C received much attention at this conference.